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論文

論文
Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Kitahara, Masaaki ; Arihara, Fumitaka ; Sakai, Yoshio ; Kakinoki, Kaheita ; Fujita, Yui ; Marukawa, Yohei ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Matsushima, Kouji ; Matsui, Osamu ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Clinical and Experimental Immunology.  163  pp.165-177,  2011-02-01.  Blackwell Publishing
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/26396
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Despite curative locoregional treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), tumour recurrence rates remain high. The current study was designed to assess the safety and bioactivity of infusion of dendritic cells (DCs) stimulated with OK432, a streptococcus-derived anti-cancer immunotherapeutic agent, into tumour tissues following transcatheter hepatic arterial embolization (TAE) treatment in patients with HCC. DCs were derived from peripheral blood monocytes of patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis and HCC in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and stimulated with 0.1 KE/ml OK432 for 2 days. Thirteen patients were administered with 5 × 106 of DCs through arterial catheter during the procedures of TAE treatment on day 7. The immunomodulatory effects and clinical responses were evaluated in comparison with a group of 22 historical controls treated with TAE but without DC transfer. OK432 stimulation of immature DCs promoted their maturation towards cells with activated phenotypes, high expression of a homing receptor, fairly well-preserved phagocytic capacity, greatly enhanced cytokine production and effective tumoricidal activity. Administration of OK432-stimulated DCs to patients was found to be feasible and safe. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed prolonged recurrence-free survival of patients treated in this manner compared with the historical controls (P = 0.046, log-rank test). The bioactivity of the transferred DCs was reflected in higher serum concentrations of the cytokines IL-9, IL-15 and tumour necrosis factor-α and the chemokines CCL4 and CCL11. Collectively, this study suggests that a DC-based, active immunotherapeutic strategy in combination with locoregional treatments exerts beneficial anti-tumour effects against liver cancer. © 2010 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Immunology © 2010 British Society for Immunology. 続きを見る
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Nakagawa, Hidetoshi ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Iida, Noriho ; Terashima, Takeshi ; Kitahara, Masaaki ; Marukawa, Yohei ; Kitamura, Kazuya ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Hiroishi, Kazumasa ; Imawari, Michio ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy.  63  pp.347-356,  2014-04-01.  Springer-Verlag
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/36504
概要: Radiofrequency ablation therapy (RFA) is a radical treatment for liver cancers and induces tumor antigen-specific immune responses. In the present study, we examined the antitumor effects of focal OK-432-stimulated dendritic cell (DC) transfer combined with RFA and analyzed the functional mechanisms involved using a murine model. C57BL/6 mice were injected subcutaneously with colon cancer cells (MC38) in their bilateral flanks. After the establishment of tumors, the subcutaneous tumor on one flank was treated using RFA, and then OK-432-stimulated DCs were injected locally. The antitumor effect of the treatment was evaluated by measuring the size of the tumor on the opposite flank, and the immunological responses were assessed using tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, splenocytes and draining lymph nodes. Tumor growth was strongly inhibited in mice that exhibited efficient DC migration after RFA and OK-432-stimulated DC transfer, as compared to mice treated with RFA alone or treatment involving immature DC transfer. We also demonstrated that the antitumor effect of this treatment depended on both CD8-positive and CD4-positive cells. On the basis of our findings, we believe that combination therapy for metastatic liver cancer consisting of OK-432-stimulated DCs in combination with RFA can proceed to clinical trials, and it is anticipated to be markedly superior to RFA single therapy. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 続きを見る
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Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Fushimi, Kazumi ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Honda, Masao ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Liver International.  32  pp.1516-1526,  2012-11-01.  John Wiley and Sons
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/32865
概要: Background & Aims: Chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase is an enzyme that converts D-glucuronic acid to L-iduronic acid residues in dermatan sulphate biosynthesis. It is also identified to be a tumour-associated antigen recognized by cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) and its enhanced expression in many cancers has been reported. In the present study, we investigated the usefulness of this molecule as an immunotherapeutic target in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The expression of chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase in hepatoma cell lines and HCC tissues was confirmed by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical analysis. CTL responses were investigated by several immunological techniques using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes. To determine the safety of immunotherapy using chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase-derived peptide, 12 patients with HCC were administered s.c. vaccinations of the peptides and analysed. Results: Chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase was expressed in HCC cell lines and human tissues including alpha-foetoprotein (AFP)-negative individuals. Chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase-specific CTLs could be generated by stimulating PBMCs of HCC patients with peptides and they showed cytotoxicity against HCC cells expressing the protein. The frequency of CTL precursors investigated by enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay was 0-34 cells/3 × 10 5 PBMCs and the infiltration of interferon-gamma-producing CTLs into the tumour site was confirmed. In the vaccination study, no severe adverse events were observed and the peptide-specific CTLs were induced in 4 of 12 patients tested. Conclusions: Chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase is a potential candidate for tumour antigen with immunogenicity and the peptides derived from this antigen could be useful in HCC immunotherapy. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. 続きを見る
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論文
Kitahara, Masaaki ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Matsushima, Kouji ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: International Immunopharmacology.  21  pp.346-353,  2014-08-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/39073
概要: Background & aims Immunotherapy using dendritic cells (DCs) is a promising cancer therapy. The success of this therapy depends on the function of induced DCs. However, there has been no consensus on optimal conditions for DC preparation in vitro for immunotherapy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. To address relevant issues, we evaluated the procedures to induce DCs that efficiently function in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC. Methods We studied immunological data from 14 HCC patients. The DC preparation and the surface markers were assessed by flow cytometric analysis. Four different additional activation stimuli (Method I, medium alone; Method II, with OK-432; Method III, with IL-1β + IL-6 + TNF-α; Method IV, with IL-1β + IL-6 + TNF-α + PGE2) were tested and the functions of DCs were confirmed by examination of the ability of phagocytosis, cytokine production and allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). Results The numbers of DCs induced and their cytokine production ability were not different between healthy controls and HCC patients. T-cell stimulatory activity of DCs in MLR was significantly lower in HCC patients than in healthy controls. The maturation of DCs with OK-432 boosted production of cytokines and chemokines, such as IL-2, IL-12p70, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-13 and MIP1α, and restored T-cell stimulatory activity of DCs in MLR. Conclusions The clinically approved compound OK-432 is a candidate for highly immunocompetent DC preparation and may be considered as a key drug for immunotherapy of HCV-related HCC patients. © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. 続きを見る
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Terashima, Takeshi ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Yoshida, Mariko ; Ota, Hajime ; Onishi, Ichiro ; Kayahara, Masato ; Ohtsubo, Koushiro ; Kagaya, Takashi ; Honda, Masao ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy.  63  pp.479-489,  2014-05-01.  Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/39095
概要: Cancer vaccine therapy is one of the most attractive therapies as a new treatment procedure for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Recent technical advances have enabled the identification of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes in various tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). However, little is known about which TAA and its epitope are the most immunogenic and useful for a cancer vaccine for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We examined the expression of 17 kinds of TAA in 9 pancreatic cancer cell lines and 12 pancreatic cancer tissues. CTL responses to 23 epitopes derived from these TAAs were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT), CTL, and tetramer assays in 41 patients, and factors affecting the immune responses were investigated. All TAAs were frequently expressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells, except for adenocarcinoma antigens recognized by T cells 1, melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE)-A1, and MAGE-A3. Among the epitopes recognized by CTLs in more than two patients in the ELISPOT assay, 6 epitopes derived from 5 TAAs, namely, MAGE-A3, p53, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), Wilms tumor (WT)-1, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)2, could induce specific CTLs that showed cytotoxicity against pancreatic cancer cell lines. The frequency of lymphocyte subsets correlated well with TAA-specific immune response. Overall survival was significantly longer in patients with TAA-specific CTL responses than in those without. P53, hTERT, WT-1, and VEGFR2 were shown to be attractive targets for immunotherapy in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and the induction of TAA-specific CTLs may improve the prognosis of these patients. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 続きを見る
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Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Terashima, Takeshi ; Kitahara, Masaaki ; Nakagawa, Hidetoshi ; Iida, Noriho ; Fushimi, Kazumi ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy.  65  pp.715-725,  2016-06-01.  Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/45591
概要: Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) has been employed as an alternative therapy to sorafenib for the patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we performed a comparative analysis of various immune cell responses including tumor-associated antigen (TAA)-specific T cells, regulatory T cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in advanced HCC patients treated with HAIC. Thirty-six HCC patients were examined in the study. Interferon gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assays were performed to examine the frequency of TAA-specific T cells. The frequencies of Tregs and MDSCs were examined by multicolor fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. The treatment with HAIC using interferon (IFN)/5-fluorouracil (FU) or IFN/FU + cisplatin modulated the frequencies of various immune cells. In 22.2 % of patients, the frequency of TAA-specific T cells increased after HAIC. Although the frequency of Tregs decreased after HAIC, it was not associated with the prognosis of patients. An analysis of prognostic factors for overall survival identified diameter of the tumor (<3.0 cm), absence of major portal vein invasion, absence of distant metastasis, Union Internationale Contre Le Cancer tumor lymph node metastasis stage (I or II), neutrophil lymphocytic ratio (<2.1) and the frequency of MDSCs (<30.5 %) as factors that prolonged overall survival time after HAIC. Even in the group adjusted with progressive levels of tumors, patients with a low frequency of MDSCs had a significantly longer overall survival time. In conclusion, the frequency of MDSCs before the treatment is a prognostic factor in HAIC against HCC. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 続きを見る
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論文
Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Nakagawa, Hidetoshi ; Kitahara, Masaaki ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Sunagozaka, Hajime ; Iida, Noriho ; Fushimi, Kazumi ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Letters.  369  pp.242-249,  2015-12-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/43914
概要: Multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 (MRP3) is a carrier-type transport protein belonging to the ABC transporters. In this study, we investigated the safety and immunogenicity of a MRP3-derived peptide (MRP3765) as a vaccine and characterized the MRP3-specific T cell responses induced. Twelve hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) were enrolled. The MRP3-derived peptide was emulsified in incomplete Freund's adjuvant and administered via subcutaneous immunization three times weekly. No serious adverse drug reactions to the peptide vaccine were observed, and the vaccination was well tolerated. The vaccination induced MRP3-specific immunity in 72.7% of the patients. In a phenotypic analysis, the largest post-vaccinated increase in MRP3-specific T cells was due to an increase in cells with the effector memory phenotype. Among the 12 patients, one patient showed a partial response, nine showed a stable disease, and two showed a progressive disease. The median overall survival time was 14.0 months. In conclusion, the safety, effects of immune boosting, and possible prolongation of overall survival by the MRP3-derived peptide demonstrate the potential of the peptide to provide clinical benefit in HCC patients. © 2015. 続きを見る