1.

論文

論文
Tsuchida, Masayuki ; Kawashiri, Masa-aki ; Teramoto, Ryota ; Takata, Mutsuko ; Sakata, Kenji ; Omi, Wataru ; Okajima, Masaki ; Takamura, Masayuki ; Ino, Hidekazu ; Kita, Yoshihito ; Takegoshi, Tadayoshi ; Inaba, Hideo ; Yamagishi, Masakazu
出版情報: Circulation journal.  73  pp.1243-1247,  2009-06-25.  Japanese Circulation Society = 日本循環器学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/48501
概要: Background: Although acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stroke are known to increase after earthquake, few data exist reg arding the effect of earthquake on these cardiovascular events in rural areas. Methods and Results: The Noto Peninsula earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9 occurred at 9:45 a.m. on 25 March 2007. The first case of ACS occurred approximately 15 min later, whereas cerebral hemorrhage (CH) occurred 72 h after the onset of earthquake. During the 35 days after earthquake, among 49 patients who were attended by local ambulance, 5 patients with ACS (10.2%) and 8 with CH (16.3%) were documented and 4 died. The total number of both ACS and CH cases was greater than the averages for the same period of the past 3 years in this area (2.0 vs 5 and 2.3 vs 8, P<0.01). Interestingly, the most cases of ACS had occurred within 7 days after earthquake and for CH not until 35 days later. Conclusions: Even in rural areas a severe earthquake results in increased incidence of ACS and CH, which can occur at different times after the event, although the effects of other environmental factors should be further investigated. (Circ J 2009; 73: 1243-1247)<br />出版者照会後に全文公開 続きを見る
2.

論文

論文
Fukushima, Yoshifumi ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Kasai, Takatoshi ; Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Yamagishi, Sho-ichi ; Takeuchi, Masayoshi ; Hiro, Takafumi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Matsuzaki, Masunori
出版情報: Cardiovascular Diabetology.  12  pp.5-,  2013-07-01.  BioMed Central
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/48242
概要: Background: The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and may affect on the development of coronary PV. The present sub-study of JAPAN-ACS investigates the association between AGEs and RAGE, and PV.Methods: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was undertaken, followed by the initiation of statin treatment (either 4 mg/day of pitavastatin or 20 mg/day of atorvastatin), in patients with ACS. In the 208 JAPAN-ACS subjects, PV using IVUS in non-culprit segment > 5 mm proximal or distal to the culprit lesion and, serum levels of AGEs and soluble RAGE (sRAGE) were measured at baseline and 8-12 months after PCI.Results: At baseline, no differences in the levels of either AGEs or sRAGE were found between patients with DM and those without DM. The levels of AGEs decreased significantly with statin therapy from 8.6 ± 2.2 to 8.0 ± 2.1 U/ml (p < 0.001), whereas the levels of sRAGE did not change. There were no significant correlations between changes in PV and the changes in levels of AGEs as well as sRAGE. However, high baseline AGEs levels were significantly associated with plaque progression (odds ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 1.01 - 1.48; p = 0.044) even after adjusting for DM in multivariate logistic regression models.Conclusions: High baseline AGEs levels were associated with plaque progression in the JAPAN-ACS trial. This relationship was independent of DM. These findings suggest AGEs may be related to long-term glucose control and other oxidative stresses in ACS.Trial registration: NCT00242944. © 2013 Fukushima et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 続きを見る
3.

論文

論文
Arai, Hidenori ; Hiro, Takafumi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Kimura, Kazuo ; Saito, Satoshi ; Yamaguchi, Tetsu ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Matsuzaki, Masunori
出版情報: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis.  17  pp.1096-1107,  2010-10-27.  Japan Atherosclerosis Society = 日本動脈硬化学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/48534
概要: Aim: We have shown that aggressive lipid lowering by pitavastatin and atorvastatin results in marked regression of ather osclerotic coronary lesions after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The purpose of this study was to address the association of lipid levels after statin therapy with regression of atherosclerotic coronary lesions and major cardiovascular events in patients after ACS. Methods: JAPAN-ACS is a prospective, randomized open-label study performed at 33 centers in Japan. Patients with ACS undergoing intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomly assigned to receive either 4 mg/day pitavastatin or 20 mg/day atorvastatin within 72 hours after PCI. IVUS image was obtained in 251 patients, including 73 diabetic patients. Lipid profiles at the end of the study were divided into quartiles and the association with the percent change in non-culprit coronary plaque volume (PV) was assessed in total and diabetic patients. We also studied whether baseline and follow-up levels of HDL-cholesterol are associated with restenosis after PCI. Results: Decreasing LDL-cholesterol, non-HDL-cholesterol, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, apolipoprotein B quartiles were associated with a progressively smaller plaque burden in total and diabetic patients. In diabetic patients, further reduction of these parameters was associated with a significantly greater reduction in PV. We also found that patients with lower HDL-cholesterol had a significantly higher incidence of target lesion revascularization. Conclusions: Early intensive statin therapy in patients after ACS results in remarkable regression of coronary PV. Diabetic patients can have a benefit with more intensive therapy to achieve a lower target level in Japanese.<br />出版者照会後に全文公開 続きを見る
4.

論文

論文
Hiro, Takafumi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Kimura, Kazuo ; Saito, Satoshi ; Yamaguchi, Tetsu ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Matsuzaki, Masunori ; The JAPAN-ACS Investigators
出版情報: Circulation journal.  74  pp.1165-1174,  2010-05-12.  Japanese Circulation Society = 日本循環器学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/48520
概要: Background: The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial has found that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) significantly reduces the plaque volume (PV) of non-culprit coronary lesions. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate clinical factors that have an impact on plaque regression using statin therapy. Methods and Results: Serial intravascular ultrasound observations over 8-12 months were performed in 252 ACS patients receiving pitavastatin or atorvastatin. Linear regression analysis identified the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and PV at baseline as inhibiting factors, and serum remnant-like particle-cholesterol level at baseline as a significant factor significantly affecting the degree of plaque regression. Significant correlation between % change of PV and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level was found in patients with DM (n=73, P<0.05, r=0.4), whereas there was no significant correlation between the 2 parameters in patients without DM (n=178). Conclusions: The regression of coronary plaque induced by statin therapy after ACS was weaker in diabetic patients than their counterparts. Moreover, vigorous reduction of the LDL-C levels might induce a greater degree of plaque regression in ACS patients with DM.  (Circ J 2010; 74: 1165 - 1174)<br />出版者照会後に全文公開 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Nakaagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Hiro, Takafumi ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Matsuzaki, Masunori
出版情報: Circulation journal.  70  pp.1624-1628,  2006-11-25.  Japanese Circulation Society = 日本循環器学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/48513
概要: Background Many trials have shown that 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality. One method of decreasing the incidence of cardiovascular events could be to reduce the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, and a recent study found that atorvastatin can cause coronary plaque to regress. To generalize this finding, using conventional HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors at many Japanese centers, randomized trials of pitavastatin and atorvastatin will be conducted with patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods and Results Patients with ACS who have undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention under intravascular ultrasound guidance will be studied. They will be randomly allocated to pitavastatin or atorvastatin groups and followed up for 8-12 months. The primary endpoint will be the percent change in coronary plaque volume, and secondary endpoints will include absolute changes in coronary plaque volume, serum lipid levels and inflammatory markers. The safety profile will also be evaluated. Conclusions This study will examine the ability of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors to regress coronary plaque in Japanese patients with ACS and the findings should help to improve the prognosis of such patients and clarify the involved mechanisms. (Circ J 2006; 70: 1624 - 1628)<br />出版者照会後に全文公開 続きを見る
6.

論文

論文
Fukushima, Yoshifumi ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Kasai, Takatoshi ; Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Yamagishi, Sho-ichi ; Takeuchi, Masayoshi ; Hiro, Takafumi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Matsuzaki, Masunori ; JAPAN-ACS Investigators
出版情報: Cardiovascular Diabetology.  12  pp.5-,  2013-01-07.  BioMed Central Ltd.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00050647
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Background: The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome ( JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and may affect on the development of coronary PV. The present sub-study of JAPAN-ACS investigates the association between AGEs and RAGE, and PV.Methods: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was undertaken, followed by the initiation of statin treatment (either 4 mg/day of pitavastatin or 20 mg/day of atorvastatin), in patients with ACS. In the 208 JAPAN-ACS subjects, PV using IVUS in non-culprit segment > 5 mm proximal or distal to the culprit lesion and, serum levels of AGEs and soluble RAGE (sRAGE) were measured at baseline and 8-12 months after PCI.Results: At baseline, no differences in the levels of either AGEs or sRAGE were found between patients with DM and those without DM. The levels of AGEs decreased significantly with statin therapy from 8.6 ± 2.2 to 8.0 ± 2.1 U/ml (p < 0.001), whereas the levels of sRAGE did not change. There were no significant correlations between changes in PV and the changes in levels of AGEs as well as sRAGE. However, high baseline AGEs levels were significantly associated with plaque progression (odds ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 1.01 - 1.48; p = 0.044) even after adjusting for DM in multivariate logistic regression models.Conclusions: High baseline AGEs levels were associated with plaque progression in the JAPAN-ACS trial. This relationship was independent of DM. These findings suggest AGEs may be related to long-term glucose control and other oxidative stresses in ACS.Trial registration: NCT00242944. © 2013 Fukushima et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 続きを見る
7.

論文

論文
Takashima, Hiroaki ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Hiro, Takafumi ; Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Mizuno, Tomofumi ; Asai, Kenji ; Kuroda, Yasuo ; Kosaka, Takashi ; Kuhara, Yasushi ; Kurita, Akiyoshi ; Maeda, Kazuyuki ; Amano, Tetsuya ; Matsuzaki, Masunori
出版情報: Circulation Journal.  76  pp.2840-2847,  2012.  Japanese Circulation Society = 日本循環器学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00050642
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Background: The JAPAN-ACS (Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome) trial showed that intensive statin therapy could induce significant coronary plaque regression in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We evaluated the impact of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components on coronary plaque regression in the JAPAN-ACS patients. Methods and Results: Serial intravascular ultrasound measurements over 8-12 months were performed in 242 ACS patients receiving pitavastatin or atorvastatin. Patients were divided into groups according to the presence of MetS or the number of MetS components. Although the percent change in plaque volume (%PV) was not significantly different between the MetS (n=119) and non-MetS (n=123) groups (P=0.50), it was significantly associated with an increasing number of MetS components (component 0: -24.0%, n=7; components 1: -20.8%, n=31; components 2: -16.1%, n=69; components 3: -18.7%, n=83; components 4: -13.5%, n=52; P=0.037 for trend). The percent change in body mass index (%BMI) significantly correlated with %PV (r=0.15, P=0.021), especially in the MetS components 4 group (r=0.35, P=0.017). In addition, %BMI was an independent predictor of plaque regression after adjustment for the changes of low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and HbA1c. Conclusions: The clustering of MetS components, but not the presence of MetS itself, could attenuate coronary plaque regression during intensive statin therapy in ACS patients. Therefore, to achieve a greater degree of plaque regression, it is necessary to treat to each MetS component and use lifestyle modification.<br />出版者照会後に全文公開 続きを見る
8.

論文

論文
Miyauchi, Katsumi ; Kimura, Takeshi ; Morimoto, Takeshi ; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Ozaki, Yukio ; Hiro, Takafumi ; Daida, Hiroyuki ; Matsuzaki, Masunori
出版情報: Circulation Journal.  70  pp.1624-1628,  2006.  Japanese Circulation Society = 日本循環器学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00050645
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Background: Many trials have shown that 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reduc tase inhibitors reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality. One method of decreasing the incidence of cardiovascular events could be to reduce the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, and a recent study found that atorvastatin can cause coronary plaque to regress. To generalize this finding, using conventional HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors at many Japanese centers, randomized trials of pitavastatin and atorvastatin will be conducted with patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods and Results: Patients with ACS who have undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention under intravascular ultrasound guidance will be studied. They will be randomly allocated to pitavastatin or atorvastatin groups and followed up for 8-12 months. The primary endpoint will be the percent change in coronary plaque volume, and secondary endpoints will include absolute changes in coronary plaque volume, serum lipid levels and inflammatory markers. The safety profile will also be evaluated. Conclusions: This study will examine the ability of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors to regress coronary plaque in Japanese patients with ACS and the findings should help to improve the prognosis of such patients and clarify the involved mechanisms.<br />出版者照会後に全文公開 続きを見る
9.

論文

論文
Nakahashi, Takuya ; Tada, Hayato ; Sakata, Kenji ; Nomura, Akihiro ; Ohira, Miho ; Mori, Mika ; Takamura, Masayuki ; Hayashi, Kenshi ; Yamagishi, Masakazu ; Kawashiri, Masa-aki
出版情報: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis.  25  pp.709-719,  2018.  日本動脈硬化学会 = Japan Atherosclerosis Society
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00053009
概要: 金沢大学附属病院循環器内科<br />Aim: To assess whether combining measurements obtained from carotid ultrasonography in addition to the age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score would improve the predictive ability of outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).\nMethods: We examined 264 patients with ACS (194 men; mean age: 68±11 years) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The carotid plaque score (cPS) and intima–media thickness (cIMT) were determined by carotid ultrasonography. The modified ACEF score was calculated using the following formula: (age/left ventricular ejection fraction) +1 point for every 10 mL/min reduction in creatinine clearance below 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2. The endpoint of this study was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stoke, and target vessel revascularization.\nResults: During the median 4-year follow-up, there were 121 incidents of MACEs. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed that cPS ≥9.8 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01–2.31) and ACEF score ≥1.20 (HR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.11–2.39) were significantly associated with MACEs, whereas cIMT was not. When the new combined risk score was calculated by multiplying the cPS by the modified ACEF score, the freedom from MACEs at 5 years was 71% and 31% for the lower and higher scores, respectively (p<0.001). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for MACEs for the ACEF score, cPS, and combined risk score were 0.65, 0.66, and 0.71, respectively (p<0.05).\nConclusion: The cPS offers an incremental predictive value when combined to the simple ACEF score in ACS.<br />This article distributed under the terms of the latest version of CC BY-NC-SA defined by the Creative Commons Attribution License. 続きを見る