1.

論文

論文
Deguchi, Mariko ; Kubota, N. ; Matsuno, A. ; Kanemori, Masaaki ; Fukumori, Yoshihiro ; Sasayama, Yuichi
出版情報: Acta Zoologica.  88  pp.129-135,  2007-04.  Blackwell Publishing
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16930
概要: Beard worms (Siboglinidae, Polychaeta) lack a mouth and a digestive tract and harbour chaemosynthetic bacteria in the bacteriocytes of the trophosome. Since beard worms depend on the organic compounds produced by the bacteria for nourishment, the bacteriocytes should be efficient in exchanging various substances with body fluids. For this reason, it is important to determine how the bacteriocytes are organized in the trophosome. As the first step of the present study, the appearance of bacteriocytes was examined in routinely stained paraffin sections. Second, visualization of the actual distribution of the bacteriocytes was attempted using whole-mount in situ hybridization with a probe of the 16S rRNA nucleotide sequence of the bacterium. After routine haematoxylin & eosin staining, the bacteriocytes appeared to be aligned in cell cords accompanied with nutrient-deposit cells that extended from both sides of the trophosome toward the dorsal side and folded up in the coelomic spaces. In whole-mount preparations, however, bacteriocytes with intense signals of 16S rRNA were seen three-dimensionally as many irregular leaves arranged from both sides of the ventral vessel toward the dorsal vessel. We will discuss the physiological significance of this characteristic distribution of the bacteriocytes in the present species. © 2007 The Authors Journal compilation © 2007 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 続きを見る
2.

論文

論文
Deguchi, Mariko ; Kubota, N. ; Matsuno, A. ; Kanemori, Masaaki ; Fukumori, Yoshihiro ; Sasayama, Yuichi
出版情報: Acta Zoologica.  88  pp.129-135,  2007-04.  Blackwell Publishing
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16930
概要: Beard worms (Siboglinidae, Polychaeta) lack a mouth and a digestive tract and harbour chaemosynthetic bacteria in the bacteriocytes of the trophosome. Since beard worms depend on the organic compounds produced by the bacteria for nourishment, the bacteriocytes should be efficient in exchanging various substances with body fluids. For this reason, it is important to determine how the bacteriocytes are organized in the trophosome. As the first step of the present study, the appearance of bacteriocytes was examined in routinely stained paraffin sections. Second, visualization of the actual distribution of the bacteriocytes was attempted using whole-mount in situ hybridization with a probe of the 16S rRNA nucleotide sequence of the bacterium. After routine haematoxylin & eosin staining, the bacteriocytes appeared to be aligned in cell cords accompanied with nutrient-deposit cells that extended from both sides of the trophosome toward the dorsal side and folded up in the coelomic spaces. In whole-mount preparations, however, bacteriocytes with intense signals of 16S rRNA were seen three-dimensionally as many irregular leaves arranged from both sides of the ventral vessel toward the dorsal vessel. We will discuss the physiological significance of this characteristic distribution of the bacteriocytes in the present species. © 2007 The Authors Journal compilation © 2007 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 続きを見る
3.

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論文
松井, 由美子 ; 津田, 朗子 ; 塚本, 康子
出版情報: Journal of wellness and health care = Journal of wellness and health care.  41  pp.13-24,  2017-08-08.  Wellness and Health Care Society — ウェルネス・ヘルスケア学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048839
概要: The principal aim of the present study was to elucidate the awareness of midwives who provide post-birth guidance during maternal health checkups in Makassar City, Republic of Indonesia, and related factors. Semi-structured interviews were administered to midwives at a public health center and perinatal hospital regarding the details of guidance conducted for factors related to maternal mortality (e.g., hypertension, anemia, and hemorrhage), and qualitative analysis was performed using Steps for Coding and Theorization (SCAT). With regard to hemorrhage, which is the most common cause of maternal mortality, midwives in both public health centers and perinatal hospitals have high expectations for new governmental policies, such as utility of the online system or coverage by the health insurance system in hemorrhage management. There is a double burden of nutritional problems pertaining to both low nutrition and overnutrition of pregnant women, which is a characteristic of developing countries, and it is a major task for midwives to properly manage weight due to the differences in functioning of health centers and perinatal hospitals; few midwives at the public health center were aware of hypertension and hypotension in pregnant women. These findings suggest that the content of teaching in health centers is inadequate compared with that of perinatal hospitals.<br />本研究の目的は、インドネシア共和国マカッサル市で妊婦健康診査を実施する助産師の、妊婦指導に対する認識やその背景を明らかにすることである。方法は保健所および母子病院の助産師を対象に、妊産婦死亡の関連因子である高血圧や貧血、出血などの項目ごとに実施している指導内容について半構造的インタビューを実施し、SCAT(Steps for Coding and Theorization)による質的分析を行った。その結果、妊産婦死亡率(MMR:Maternal Mortality Ratio)の原因で最も多い出血に対して政府のあらたな保健政策が保健所・母子病院両施設の助産師にも意識化され、期待を持って受け止められていることや、妊婦の低栄養と過剰栄養の両方に対処する栄養問題の二重負担は途上国の特徴であり体重管理を適切に行うことは助産師の大きな役割となっていること、保健所と母子病院では施設機能の違いから保健所の助産師は妊婦の高血圧や低血圧は少ないと認識しておりそのため指導内容も母子病院に比べて不十分であることが示唆された。 続きを見る
4.

論文

論文
嶋, 雅代 ; 島田, 啓子
出版情報: Journal of wellness and health care = Journal of wellness and health care.  41  pp.25-35,  2017-08-08.  Wellness and Health Care Society — ウェルネス・ヘルスケア学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048840
概要: This study was performed to clarify the influence of ʻEmotions of preconception, prenatal,and breastfeeding for neonatalʼ on the positive or negative ʻBreastfeeding intentionʼ of mothers that conceived via Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) to explore the support for maternal role attainment from the perspective of breastfeeding. Twelve mothers(average age: 36.2 years) that conceived via ART and gave birth to single babies after a full-term pregnancy participated in this study. A sequential method was adopted. First, the data obtained by a semi-structured interview were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis. Then, text mining analysis was performed. Finally, the results of these analyses were interpreted synthetically. As a result, ʻEmotions of preconception, prenatal, and breastfeeding for neonatalʼ was 13, with the ʻEmotions arising from the conception process until deliveryʼ and 13 with ʻEmotions of womanhood or motherhood in meeting the newbornʼ were extracted. Breastfeeding deepened the mothersʼ emotions of motherhood and affection for their children, thereby increasing their ʻBreastfeeding intention.ʼ Furthermore, the presence of cryopreserved embryos had a large impact on ʻBreastfeeding intention.ʼ Therefore, to promote maternal role attainment in mothers conceiving via ART, it is important to provide sufficient support that allows for both mutual interaction between mothers and children through breastfeeding, and the decision to continue breastfeeding according to each mothersʼ individual intention.<br />本研究は、生殖補助医療(ART:Assisted Reproductive Technology)後に妊娠・出産した母親を対象として、『妊娠成立過程から母乳育児に至るまでの感情』と関連要因、および、『妊娠成立過程から母乳育児に至るまでの感情』が母乳育児を「したい、続けたい」もしくは「したくない、やめたい」という < 母乳育児の意思 > に及ぼす影響を明らかにすることを目的とした。その結果をふまえ、母乳育児の視点から、ART 後に妊娠・出産した母親への母親役割獲得支援について検討した。対象は、ART 後に妊娠が成立し、正期産で単胎出産した母親 12 名(平均年齢 36.2 歳)である。研究方法は、半構造化面接で得られたデータの質的記述的分析の後に、テキストマイニングによる分析を行い、それらの分析結果を解釈の段階で統合する、順次的研究方略とした。その結果、『妊娠成立過程からわが子への母乳育児に至るまでの感情』として、「妊娠から出産を乗り越える過程で生まれる感情」からは 13、「わが子と対面して実感する女性・母親としての感情」からは 13 の感情が抽出された。また、母乳育児の体験や状況によって、母親になったという実感や、児への愛情が深まり、「母乳育児を続けたい」という < 母乳育児の意思 > が高まっていた。さらに、 凍結胚の保存の有無が、 < 母乳育児の意思 > に大きな影響を与えていた。そのため、ART 後に妊娠・出産した母親への母親役割獲得に向けて、母乳育児を通した母子相互作用を実感できるような支援を十分に行うとともに、その母親が自分の < 意思 > によってその後の母乳育児を決定できるような支援が重要である。 続きを見る
5.

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論文
太田, 哲生 ; 米田, 貢 ; 菊池, ゆひ ; 少作, 隆子
出版情報: Journal of wellness and health care = Journal of wellness and health care.  41  pp.37-48,  2017-08-08.  Wellness and Health Care Society — ウェルネス・ヘルスケア学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048841
概要: Motor performance depends on feedback and feedforward motor control systems, and can be improved through learning proces ses. According to the “feedback error learning” model, the feedback of error signals improves “internal models” and refines the feedforward motor control. Thus, feedforward motor control plays a key role in improving motor performance. Feedforward motor control has been evaluated by measuring predictive components of movement in several tasks, including ball-catching, grasping, and weight-loading tasks. In the loading task, hand movement just before the start of loading (anticipatory response) is observed only when the timing of loading is predictable. Thus, this anticipatory response is assumed to reflect prediction-based feedforward motor control. On the other hand, a multi-lever-pressing task has been used to evaluate motor performance and its improvement by analyzing accelerometer signals. Correlation coefficients of accelerometer signals have been reported to increase with the number of trials, indicating that this measure can be used as an index of motor learning. In the present study, we examined the relationship between feedforward motor control and motor learning in 18 healthy volunteers using anticipatory responses in a loading task and correlation coefficients of accelerometer signals in a three-lever-pressing task. For the loading task, we used the Space Interface Device for Artificial Reality (SPIDAR). The subject was asked to hold the ball-shaped grip of SPIDAR. When the subject pressed the start button, a force of 4.9 N was applied to the grip. The subject was instructed to maintain the initial position during loading. The loading task was repeated 10 times, and the amplitude of upward deflection (anticipatory response) just before the start of loading was measured. In the three-lever-pressing task, the subject was instructed to press three levers as rapidly as possible using the left hand (hand), the left hand loaded with a weight (weight), and a stick attached to the left hand (stick). The three-lever-pressing task was repeated 11 times in sequence under each condition (hand, weight, stick). The hand movement was monitored using an accelerometer attached to the dorsal surface of the left hand. We found that correlation coefficients of accelerometer signals were lower in the stick condition than in the other two conditions, indicating that the stick variation of the task requires more learning. We also found that the amplitude of anticipatory response was correlated with the correlation coefficients of accelerometer signals only in case of the stick variation. These results provide evidence for a relationship between prediction-based feedforward motor control and motor learning.<br />運動をなめらかに行うためには、フィードバックおよびフィードフォワードの運動制御が必要である。運動学習と運動制御の仕組みを説明する現在の仮説は、誤差情報をフィードバックすることにより内部モデルを修正し、フィードフォワード制御の精度を上げる、というものであり、運動の上達においてフィードフォワード制御は重要な要素と考えられている。 フィードフォワード制御を評価する課題の1つとして、重りの負荷課題がある。予測が可能な条件で見られる、負荷の直前の手の動き(先行反応)は、予測に基づくフィードフォワード制御を反映するものと考えられている。一方、マルチレバー押し課題は、レバーを押す上肢の動きを加速度計で計測することで、上肢の運動制御を客観的に評価できる課題である。また、レバー押しを繰り返した時の加速度波形の類似性(波形間の相関係数)は、動作の習熟に伴い高くなることが報告されており、動作の習熟度を評価する指標として用いることができる。本研究では、健常者 18 名を対象とし、重りの負荷課題と3レバー押し課題の手の動きを解析し、フィードフォワード制御と運動の習熟との関係を調べた。左手で直接レバーを押す場合は、先行反応の大きさと加速度波形の類似性との間には相関はみられなかったが、左手に取り付けた棒でレバーを押す課題では、左右軸の動きに関して中程度の正の相関がみられた。以上の結果は、フィードフォワード制御と不慣れな運動の習熟との間に関係がある可能性を示唆している。 続きを見る
6.

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論文
斎藤, 瑠華 ; 木村, 留美子 ; 津田, 朗子 ; シャハルール ; タントゥット, スサント ; アグリナ
出版情報: Journal of wellness and health care = Journal of wellness and health care.  41  pp.49-60,  2017-08-08.  Wellness and Health Care Society — ウェルネス・ヘルスケア学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048842
概要: Indonesia faces pressing environmental issues, many of which are related to citizensʼ lifestyles. Therefore, community-b ased environmental education is needed to encourage pro-environmental behavior. We examined parentsʼ perspectives on their household sanitation situations and teachersʼ awareness of environmental education in junior high school in Indonesia to consider what types of environmental education are needed to promote pro-environmental behavior. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 350 parents and 17 junior high school teachers in Makassar City, Indonesia. We administered a questionnaire on household sanitation situations to the parents and conducted semi-structured interviews with the teachers. The analysis indicated that 95.9% of the parents were interested in environmental issues, and 90.2% were aware of water pollution. Although 35.3% sorted their garbage regularly, they did so in a diverse range of ways. Moreover, the number of parents with a low level of education that answered “no specific reason” as their reason for sorting their garbage was higher than among those with higher levels of education. In addition, only 42.1% of parents performed adequate oil disposal. Two categories were extracted based on Mayringʼs content analysis: 1) necessity of symbiosis within the community; and 2) education as people concerned with the environment. A small percentage of parents exhibited pro-environmental behavior, and teachers mentioned some problems regarding environmental education. Therefore, it was considered that the household sanitation and environmental education of junior high school students were not adequate. Teachers of subjects unrelated to environmental education also teach environmental education in their lessons. To promote pro-environmental behaviors in junior high school students, it is necessary to provide environmental education for students and their parents, and environmental education materials that all teachers can use to teach environmental education.<br />インドネシアでは住民の生活様式を原因とする環境問題が発生しており、住民が環境配慮行動を取るには、地域に適した環境教育の実施が必要である。そこで本研究は中学校における環境配慮行動に必要な環境教育を検討するために、中学生の親 350 名と教員 17 名を対象に横断研究を行った。親には家庭の衛生状況について質問紙票調査、教員には半構造化面接を行った。その結果、親の 95.9% が環境問題に対して関心を抱き、90.2% が水質汚染に対して知識を有していた。しかし、ゴミの分別を日頃から行えていた親は 35.3% であり、ゴミの分別を行っている親のゴミの分別方法は親によって異なっていた。また、ゴミを分別する理由を「no specific reason」と回答した親は全体で 18.7% であり、非高学歴に有意に多かった。更に、適切な油の処理を行う親は 42.1% と低かった。教員に対する半構造化面接を内容分析した結果、[ 地域社会との共生づくりの必要性 ]、[ 環境に対する当事者としての教育 ] の 2 つのカテゴリーが抽出された。適切な環境配慮行動をとる親の割合は低く、教員は環境教育システムの課題を指摘していたことより、中学生を取り巻く家庭衛生環境や環境教育は整備されていないことが考えられる。また、インドネシアでは環境教育に直接関連のない教科を担当する教員も環境教育を担当しているため、全ての教員が環境教育を実施できるよう教材を導入し、子どもだけではなく親も対象とした環境教育を実施する必要性が示唆された。 続きを見る
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論文
アグリナ ; 表, 志津子 ; 津田, 朗子 ; 大桑, 麻由美 ; 木村, 留美子 ; シャハルール ; 斎藤, 瑠華
出版情報: Journal of wellness and health care = Journal of wellness and health care.  41  pp.61-69,  2017-08-08.  Wellness and Health Care Society — ウェルネス・ヘルスケア学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048843
概要: This study was performed to clarify determining factors related to toddler underweight.Four hundred eleven mothers and t oddlers at 124 child health posts in Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia, were selected by multistage random sampling. Data regarding sociodemographic status, toddler health and feeding problems, and mothersʼ behavior regarding toddler feeding practices were collected using a questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors contributing to toddler underweight. The average age of the toddlers was 23.2±7.2 months, and 15.1% (n=62)were underweight. The most common health problem reported in toddlers in the past 3 months was fever (65.5%). The most common feeding problems were difficulty eating (14.6%) and refusing to eat (8.8%). Although 95.3% of mothers always provided a variety of foods for their toddlers, 61.8% always provided toddlers with a snack at mealtimes, and 58.9% always give their toddlers milk before eating. Among the toddlers included in the study, 53.3% experienced non-exclusive breastfeeding (non-EBF) from 0 to 6 months old. Multivariate analysis indicated that underweight toddlers were most likely to have refused to eat at some point in the previous 3 months (OR = 3.76), to have mothers that always gave them milk before eating (OR = 1.92), and to have mothers that supplied them with complementary food by their sixth month (OR = 1.94). The results of this study will facilitate the design of intervention strategies to prevent toddlers from being underweight based on toddlersʼ feeding problems and mothersʼ practices regarding feeding their toddlers.<br />目的:インドネシアリアウ州における幼児の低体重に関連する要因を明らかにすること。方法:インドネシアリアウ州ペカンバル市にある 124 の幼児保健施設を訪れた 3 才未満の幼児とその親を対象に体重測定及び質問紙調査を実施した。対象は多段階無作為抽出法にて選定した。調査項目は基本属性、幼児の過去の健康問題、現在までの栄養摂取状況、幼児の食に関する母親の育児行動で、低体重予測因子の同定にはロジスティック重回帰分析を用いた。結果:幼児の平均年齢は 23.2 ± 7.2 ヶ月で、15.1%(n=62)が低体重であった。過去 3 ヵ月間の健康問題は発熱(65.5%)、摂食障害(14.6%)、摂食拒否(8.8%)であった。母親の 95.3%は様々な食品を幼児に日常的に提供している一方で、食事時にスナック類を与えている者が 61.8%、食事前にミルクを与える習慣のある者が 58.9%いた。生後 6 か月までの完全母乳(exclusive breastfeeding; EBF)を行っていない者は 53.3%であった。解析の結果、幼児の低体重に有意な関連がみられた要因は、過去 3 ヶ月間に摂食拒否があったこと(OR=3.76)、食事前にミルクを与える習慣があること(OR=1.92)、生後 6 か月までに補完食品を与えたことがあること(OR=1.94)であった。従って、幼児の低体重予防には授乳期からの介入が重要であると考える。 続きを見る
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論文
山田, 貴代 ; 高木, 静 ; 東野, 定律 ; 島田, 啓子 ; 杉本, 公一
出版情報: Journal of wellness and health care = Journal of wellness and health care.  41  pp.71-85,  2017-08-08.  Wellness and Health Care Society — ウェルネス・ヘルスケア学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048844
概要: Background The main concern of clinical practice in Japanese midwifery education is assisting in deliveries. The nationa l guidelines for midwifery schools explicitly require delivery assistance, but with regard to antenatal care, the national guidelines require students to handle ongoing care from the second trimester through postnatal confinement in at least one case. Therefore, it has been left to the discretion of each midwifery school whether clinical practice includes antenatal health check-ups, and relatively little attention has been given to instruction or standards for evaluating midwifery studentsʼ records. Therefore, there is a need to develop reliable, objective evaluation methodology for evaluating antenatal health check-ups conducted by students in clinical practice.Objectives This study was performed to raise objectivity in the evaluation of midwifery studentsʼ records in antenatal health check-ups in clinical practice by (1) measuring disparities in agreement among evaluators and (2) developing a rubric for designing evaluation sheets to minimize disparities between multiple evaluators due to individual views.Methods1)Research term  January ‒ August, 20162)Subjects Six midwifery evaluators that had been in charge of clinical practice in performing antenatal health check-ups, including three from the 2-year midwifery program of University A and three from a graduate program at University B.3)Instruments used for evaluation  (1) Evaluation tool developed based on the pregnancy care checklist in the “Nurse Midwife Training Guide” published by the Japanese Nursing Association; (2) a rubric we developed for evaluation of midwifery studentsʼ records from clinical practice in conducting antenatal health check-ups.4)Student records used in the study We examined records from antenatal health check-ups in 10 cases conducted by midwifery students who had completed clinical practice sessions of 2-year midwifery school.5)Analysis method Two assessment instruments were applied in each case of antenatal health check-ups by midwifery students. The six evaluators consisted three from A University and three from B University. Fleissʼ kappa was used to compare the disparities in results between the two groups of evaluators.Results Agreement of evaluatorsʼ student evaluations with the sheet based on Japanese Nursing Association pregnancy care checklist: There was “poor agreement” in three cases (30%) in the University A group and in seven cases (70%) in the University B group. There were no cases of relatively high “moderate” agreement. There was “poor agreement” for 12 evaluation items in the University A group (75%) and for nine items in the University B group (56.3%). There was “slight agreement” for two items in the University A group (12.5%) and five in the University B group (31.3%). Agreement of evaluatorsʼ student evaluations with the sheet based on our rubric: “Poor agreement” was observed in one case in the University A group (10%) and four cases in the University B group (40%). Agreement was “slight” in five cases (50%) in the University A group and four cases (40%) in the University B group. “Moderate” agreement was observed for three cases (30%) in the University A group. There was “poor agreement” for two evaluation items in the University A group (25%) and four in the University B group (50%). Agreement level was “slight” for five items in the University A group (62.5%) and three items (37.2%) in the University B group.Conclusion To assess evaluatorsʼ objectivity in evaluating midwifery studentsʼ records of antenatal health check-ups in clinical practice, this study examined levels of disparities among evaluations given by evaluators from two midwifery schools. Evaluators from University A showed a 30% rate of “poor agreement” in their evaluations of the same student records, while the rate was 70% for evaluators at University B. Disparity levels were reduced to 10% and 40%, respectively, when evaluation standards based on our rubric were used. These results suggest that introduction of the rubric as an instrument for evaluation of antenatal health check-ups could be an effective means of improving consistency among evaluators with regard to evaluation of student performance.<br />背景 日本の助産師教育において、実習の中心は分娩介助である。助産師養成所指定規則では分娩介助について明記されているが、妊婦ケアについては妊娠中期から産褥まで継続して一例以上受け持つとされているのみで、そのため、妊婦健康診査の実習は各養成校に柔軟に任されてきた。ゆえに妊婦健康診査の実習は遅れて始まり、その評価方法も基準の検討も十分でなかった。そこで、妊婦健康診査の実習評価について客観的に信頼性の高い評価方法を考案する必要があった。目的 本研究は、妊婦健康診査実習の実習記録に対する評価の客観性を高めるため、複数の評価者間の評価の一致度から評価者による評価の差異を明らかにし、さらにルーブリックの作成により、評価者間の評価の差異が少ない評価表の作成を目的とした。研究方法1)研究期間 平成 28 年1月~8月2)研究対象 2年課程の助産師養成校、A 大学看護学研究科で妊婦健康診査実習の指導経験がある教員3名と、B 大学の看護学研究科博士前期課程で妊婦健康診査実習の指導経験がある教員3名3)評価用具 (1)日本看護協会「新卒助産師研修ガイド」の妊婦ケアのチェックリストから作成した評価表と、(2)妊婦健康診査実習の実習記録の評価のために開発したルーブリック 4)評価対象 2年課程の助産師養成校で妊婦健康診査実習を終えた助産師学生の妊婦 10 事例についての妊婦健康診査の実習記録5)分析方法 2つの評価用具を用いて、A 大学教員3名と B 大学教員3名が助産師学生の妊婦健康診査実習の実習記録の評価を事例ごとに行い、各大学教員3名の評価の結果について、項目別、実習記録別にフライスのκ係数を用いて各大学での教員間の差異を比較した。結果 評価用具「新卒助産師研修ガイド」の妊婦ケアのチェックリストから作成した評価表を用いた評価結果の三人の評価者間の実習記録に対する一致度は、A 大学教員群で「ほとんど一致しない」は3事例(30%)であり、B 大学教員群では7事例(70%)であった。「わずかな一致」は A 大学教員群では7事例(70%)であり、B 大学教員群では2事例(20%)で、より一致度の高い「中等度の一致」は認められなかった。評価項目については、A 大学教員群で「ほとんど一致しない」は 12 項目(92.3%)で、B 大学では9項目(56.3%)であった。「わずかな一致」を示したのは A 大学教員群では2項目(12.5%)、B 大学教員群では5項目(31.3%)であった。 一方、開発したルーブリックを用いた評価結果では、「ほとんど一致しない」は A 大学教員群で1事例(10%)、B 大学教員群では4事例(40%)であった。「わずかな一致」は、 A 大学教員群で5事例(50%)、B 大学教員群では4事例(40%)であった。また、A 大学教員群では、より一致度の高い「中等度の一致」が3事例(30%)あった。評価項目ついては、 A 大学教員群では、「ほとんど一致しない」を示したのは2項目(25%)、B 大学教員群では4項目(50%)であった。また、「わずかな一致」を示したのは A 大学教員群では5項目(62.5%)、B 大学教員群では3項目(37.2%)であった。結論 妊婦健康診査実習の評価の客観性をみるため、助産学生の実習記録から2つの助産師養成校の評価者間の評価に差異が明示された。同一の実習記録に対する評価の「ほとんど一致しない」の割合は、A 大学教員群 30% と B 大学教員群 70% の差異を認めた。開発したルーブリックを用いた場合、同一の実習記録に対する評価の「ほとんど一致しない」の割合は A 大学教員群10%、B 大学教員群 40% まで減少した。ルーブリックを用いた評価の方が、教員間の評価の一致度は向上したことにより、ルーブリックは今後の妊婦健康診査実習の評価用具として導入する有用性が示唆された。 続きを見る
9.

論文

論文
牧, 輝弥 ; 長谷川, 浩
出版情報: Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences.  1060  pp.190-199,  2017-08-15.  Elsevier B.V.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048858
概要: A relatively rapid and precise method is presented for the determination of lead in aqueous matrix. The method consists of analyte quantitation using the liquid electrode plasma-optical emission spectrometry (LEP-OES) coupled with selective separation/preconcentration by solid-phase extraction (SPE). The impact of operating variables on the retention of lead in SPEs such as pH, flow rate of the sample solution; type, volume, flow rate of the eluent; and matrix effects were investigated. Selective SPE-separation/preconcentration minimized the interfering effect due to manganese in solution and limitations in lead-detection in low-concentration samples by LEP-OES. The LEP-OES operating parameters such as the electrical conductivity of sample solution; applied voltage; on-time, off-time, pulse count for applied voltage; number of measurements; and matrix effects have also been optimized to obtain a distinct peak for the lead at λmax = 405.8 nm. The limit of detection (3σ) and the limit of quantification (10σ) for lead determination using the technique were found as 1.9 and 6.5 ng mL−1, respectively. The precision, as relative standard deviation, was lower than 5% at 0.1 μg mL−1 Pb, and the preconcentration factor was found to be 187. The proposed method was applied to the analysis of lead contents in the natural aqueous matrix (recovery rate: >95%). The method accuracy was verified using certified reference material of wastewaters: SPS-WW1 and ERM-CA713. The results from LEP-OES were in good agreement with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry measurements of the same samples. The application of the method is rapid (≤5 min, without preconcentration) with a reliable detection limit at trace levels. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.<br />著者所属: 金沢大学理工研究域物質化学系<br />Embargo Period 12 months 続きを見る
10.

論文

論文
村本, 健一郎 ; Muramoto, Ken-ichiro
出版情報: 平成13(2001)年度 科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B) 研究成果報告書 = 2001 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary.  1999-2001  pp.17p.-,  2002. 
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00048859
概要: 森林は,地球上の生物の生存環境を保つ上で重要な役割を演じている。最近,東アジアでは,森林が人為的や環境変化などの理由により年々減少していると言われているが,その定量的な解析は十分に行われていない。本研究では,1.まず,特定の地域における植生 について,人工衛星によるリモートセンシングならびに現地調査を行うことにより,リモートセンシングのグランドトルース(Ground truth)を確立する。2.次に東アジア地域の植生の広範囲な時空間解析をリモートセンシングにより行う。ことを目的として,東アジアの研究者が共同で,現地調査と討論を行った。(I)日本における植生調査ならびに研究打ち合わせ植生のリモートセンシングのグランドトルースを確立するために,中国の研究者および韓国の研究者を招聘し,現地植生調査と研究討論を行った。1.本学メインキャンパスの森林域にて,植物の種類ごとのスペクトル特性を測定した。2.ランドサットTMデータを購入し,センサごとの解析を行った。3.地上の観測データと衛星データとの対応を検討した。4.植生に関する研究者および市民に対し研究内容を公開し,討論するためのシンポジウムを開催した。(II)中国における植生調査のための資料収集ならびに研究打ち合わせ中国において植生調査ならびに研究討論を行った。1.中国森林科学研究院の衛星画像解析装置等の視察を行った。2.内モンゴル地区において樹木および草原のスペクトル特性を測定した。3.中国科学院にて植生調査の資料を収集するとともに中国の研究分担者と討論した。<br />Forests cover large areas of the land surface. To consistently and repeatedly monitor forests over these large areas, it is desirable to use remote sensing data and automated analyzing techniques. While satellite imagery contains useful data about forest conditions, it is emphasized that field work remains essential when applying remote sensing techniques.International collaboration has been designed to promote cooperation in vegetation research with a particular focus on the remote sensing and field research.In this research, spectral reflectance in the solar spectrum was measured synchronously and compared using different platforms: near ground, aerial and satellite. Spectral reflectance of ground vegetation was measured between 350 and 1050 nm using a portable spectrometer. Test sites for remote sensing of trees and grass were located in China and in Japan. Data from Landsat, NOAA and a spectrometer were used in this project.We measured two different types of vegetation in Inner-Mongolia: grass and trees. Using a portable spectrometer, a digital video camera, and an infrared CCD camera, reflectance of the major plant species was measured from different distances (0.1 m, 1 m, 100 m, and 300 m).We also measured the spectra of trees in Japan at three different distances and scales: 1) individual leaves, 2) part of a tree seen from a distance of 40 m, 3) mixture of several different trees seen from a helicopter, and investigated what affects the data during the scaling up of the measurements.<br />研究課題/領域番号:11691147, 研究期間(年度):1999-2001<br />研究機関: 金沢大学工学部 続きを見る