1.

論文

論文
Mizukami, Yuji ; Michigishi, Takatoshi ; Hisatomi, Motoji ; Noguchi, Masakuni ; Takemura, Akihiro ; Ichikawa, Katsuhiro
出版情報: 金沢大学つるま保健学会誌.  31  pp.21-26,  2007-07-31.  金沢大学医学部保健学科
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/7112
2.

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論文
Onoguchi, Masahisa ; Takayama, Teruhiko ; Tonami, Norihisa ; Mizukami, Yuji ; Kyogoku, Shinsuke ; Naoi, Yutaka ; Irimoto, Masahiro ; Maehara, Tadayuki
出版情報: 金沢大学医学部保健学科紀要.  24  pp.21-29,  2000-12-01.  金沢大学医学部保健学科
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/45917
概要: We studied how precisely images reflect tracer uptake .in the myocardium, and examined what degree technetium-99m-tetrofosmin (c-tetrofosmin) in the liver and gastrointestine gave the effect to a myocardial image. After administering dipyridamole and 99m Tc­ tetrofosmin to normal rats, we compared the myocardial uptakes obtained using a gamma camera with the actual uptakes in the excised organs. Methods : Thirty-seven rats were used. Following imaging the anterior view at 5, 10, 15, 30, 60 and 90 min after admini­ stration of the tracer, uptakes in the heart, lung, liver and blood were estimated with a well-type scintillation counter (WC) and represented as percentage of the injected dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g). The regions of interest (ROis) were placed on planar images (PI) and the uptake in each organ was estimated as percentage of the injected dose per pixel (%ID/pixel). The ratios of PI-to-WC and heart-to-organ were also evaluated. Results : Cardiac uptake with WC was 1.688%± 0.395% at 10 min post-injection. On the other hand, that with PI was 1.855%±0.965% at 10 min post-injection. There were particularly great differences from 15 min post-injection between both measurements (PI/WC ratio : about 1.2 times). Pulmonary uptake with WC was the maximum at 15 min (0.861%± 0.387%) post-injection, and there was. hardly a variation in the activity later than 15 min. However, PI measurement showed the maximum value at 15 min (0.777%±0.163%), and decreased gradually. Hepatic uptake with WC was the maximum at 5 min (1.545%±0.563 %), and rapidly decreased. On the other hand, PI measurement showed higher value than WC as" the whole. Conclusion : Pl measurement showed higher uptakes in each organ than WC measurement. There were great differences between both measurements, at late phase particularly. As one of these causes, it was considered that the decrease of activity in blood was different from that in each organ with increasing time. 続きを見る
3.

論文

論文
水上, 勇治 ; Mizukami, Yuji
出版情報: 平成21(2009)年度 科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(C) 研究成果報告書 = 2009 Fiscal Year Final Research Report.  2007-2009  pp.4p.-,  2010-04-30.  金沢大学保健学系
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00049260
概要: 学習/記憶と深く係わり、またストレスによる精神障害に対する緩和作用があるシグマ受容体の変化を生体内で可視化することができる放射性シグマ受容体分子イメージング剤であるSPECT用放射性ヨウ素標識(+)p-iodovesamicol((+)-p IV)及びPET用の(+)-[^<11>C]p-methylvesamicol((+)-[^<11>C]PMV)を合成した。両イメージング剤ともシグマ受容体に対する親和性が高く、インビボで脳内のシグマ受容体に選択的に結合していることがわかった。以上のことから、SPECT及びPET用のシグマ受容体イメージング剤を用いた認知症やストレス性障害の早期診断・進行度診断や治療指針予測ができる可能性が示唆された。<br />研究課題/領域番号:19591405, 研究期間(年度):2007-2009 続きを見る
4.

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論文
水上, 勇治 ; Mizukami, Yuji
出版情報: 平成11(1999)年度 科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(C) 研究成果報告書 = 1999 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary.  1998-1999  pp.14p.-,  2000-03.  金沢大学保健学系
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00049261
概要: 本研究ではmixed medullary-follicular carcinomaの組織発生を明らかにするために臨床病理学的,形態学的,生化学的検討を行った.結果は次の様であった.1.臨床病理学的には,本症は通常の髄様癌に比し,1).男性に 多い(6:1 vs 1:1).2).より若年者に多い(平均年齢36歳 vs 44歳).3).予后が良好である(5年生存率100% vs 78%).などの特徴がみられ,通常の髄様癌とは異なる臨床病理学的性格を示唆するものであった.2.髄様癌,mixed medullary-follicular carcinomaおよび種々の疾患の人甲状腺組織を用い,カルシトニン,サイログロブリンmRNA発現,蛋白発現をnorthern blot法,in situ hybridization法,免疫組織化学法を用い検討した.3.Northern blot法については甲状腺組織よりのRNA抽出に不備があり,このためカルシトニン,サイログロブリンmRNAの定量的観察が出来なかった.しかしin situ hybridization法,免役組織化学法についてはほぼ一致した結果が得られた.4.In situ hybridization法,免役組織化学法ともに,mixed medullary-follicular carcinomaでは髄様癌部にカルシトニンmRNA,蛋白共に発現しており,一方濾胞癌の部分ではサイログロブリンmRNA,蛋白共に発現していた.5.しかし,mixed medullary-follicular carcinomaの腫瘍細胞において,カルシトニン,サイログロブリンmRNA,蛋白は同一細胞において同時の発現は認められなかった.6.甲状腺髄様癌,甲状腺腺腫,乳頭癌等においても腫瘍細胞にカルシトニン,サイログロブリンmRNA,蛋白レベルとも同時発現は観察されなかった.<br />We studied to clarify the histogenesis of mixed medullary-follicular carcinoma of the thyroid using methods of clinicopathology, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization and northern blot. The results are as follows :1). Clinicopathologically, mixed medullary-follicular carcinomas are more frequently occurs compared with usual medullary carcinoma : in male patients (6 : 1 vs 1 : 1), in younger patients (36yrs vs 44yrs) and with better prognosis (100% vs 78% in 5-year survival).2). We failed to detection of calcitonin and thyroglobulin mRNA using northern blot, probably due to error of extraction of mRNA from thyroid tissues.3). Using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, mRNA and protein of calcitonin or thyroglobulin are detected in mixed medullary-follicular carcinoma.4). We initially expected that mRNA or protein of calcitonin and thyroglobulin are concomitantly express in tumor cells of mixed medullary-follicular carcinoma. However, in the present study, such a concomitant expression of calcitonin and thyroglobulin in the same tumor cell was not observed.5). The concomitant expression of calcitonin and thyroglobulin was not observed in usual medullary carcinomas and other types of thyroid cancers.We will continue intensively the research for clarification of histogenesis of medullary-follicular carcinoma of thyroid.<br />研究課題/領域番号:10670156, 研究期間(年度):1998-1999 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
水上, 勇治 ; Mizukami, Yuji
出版情報: 平成9(1997)年度 科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(C) 研究成果報告書 = 1997 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary.  1996-1997  pp.15p.-,  1998-03.  金沢大学保健学系
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00049262
概要: 今回の研究において私達は種々疾患の甲状腺組織を用いノーザンブロット法,in situ hybridization法および,モノクローナル抗体TSH受容体を用いた免疫組織化学的染色法を行いTSH受容体遺伝子のmRNAレベルと蛋白レベルにおける 発現状態を検索し,種々の甲状腺疾患における甲状腺濾胞細胞でのTSH受容体発現と濾胞細胞の機能さらに甲状腺ホルモン全体におよぼす影響を検討した.A.材料.1996年から1997年にかけて金沢大学第2外科にて手術で得られた甲状腺組織を対象とした.組織は切除後直ちに凍結して-80℃に保存された.B.プローブと抗体.TSH受容体遺伝子の検索に用いたプローブはTSH receptor cDNA vectorである。免疫組織化学染色に用いた抗体はマウス抗TSH受容抗体であり,これらはParis South大学Dr.E.Milgromより供与された.C.結果1.種々の疾患の人甲状腺組織を用い、TSH受容体遺伝子のmRNA発現、蛋白質発現をnothernblot法,in situ hybridization法,免疫組織化学法用い検討した.2.これら3種の方法を用いたTSH受容体発現は各疾患別にみてほぼ一致して結果が得られた.3.バセドー病甲状腺ではmRNAレベル,蛋白レベル共に発現が高度に増加し,バセドー病甲状腺におけるTSH受容体のup-regulation機構が作動していることが推測された.4.非機能性の甲状腺腺腫,乳頭癌においてもTSH受容体はmRNAレベル,蛋白レベルで発現が増加していた.5.未分化癌のTSH受容体はmRNAレベル,蛋白レベル共に発現が認められなかった.<br />In the present study, we investigated TSH-receptor expression in hyman thyroids using immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization and northern blot. The relationship between the TSH-receptor expression and the thyroid function were examined.A.Materials and MethoedsThe surgically resected thyroid tissues of various thyroid diseases were used in this study. The thyroid specimens were immediately frozed at -80C and stored. The TSH-receptor cDNA vector and the anti-human mouse monoclomnal antibody against TSH-receptor protein were used. These were kindly supplied by Dr.E.Milgrom (paris South University, France).B.ResultsThe obtained results were as follows :1. The immunohistochemical, in situ hybridization and northern blot study showed the same results in the expression of TSH-receptor in human thyroids of each case. examined.2. In Graves' thyroids, the elevated TSH-receotor expression was observed in both of protein level and mRNA level. This finding supported the theory that the up-regulation mechanism of TSH-receptor is one of the major causes of Graves' hyperthyroidism.3. In the thyroid adenomas and the carcinomas which are functionally inactive, the elevated TSH-receptor expression was observed in the protein level and mRNA level.4. In the undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas, The TSH-receptor expression was not detected in the protein level and mRNA level.<br />研究課題/領域番号:08670196, 研究期間(年度):1996-1997 続きを見る
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論文

論文
水上, 勇治 ; Mizukami, Yuji
出版情報: 平成6(1994)年度 科学研究費補助金 一般研究(C) 研究成果報告書 = 1994 Fiscal Year Final Research Report Summary.  1993-1994  pp.8p.-,  1995-03.  金沢大学保健学系
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00049263
概要: 甲状腺濾胞細胞におけるTSH受容体は、甲状腺濾胞細胞の機能と増殖をコントロールする最も重要な膜受容体である。最近慢性甲状腺炎、グレブス病患者において患者血中にTSH受容体に対する自己抗体が存在することが知られ、これにはblocking ty peとstimulating typeがあり、共に患者の甲状腺機能に深く関与している。また甲状腺癌においてもTSH受容体が存在し、癌の増殖、進展に深く関与していることが明らかとされている。しかしこのTSH受容体の分子構造や性状については十分に解明されておらず、また形態学的にも、TSH受容体の濾胞細胞での存在部位、種々の甲状腺疾患におけるTSH受容体の量的及び局在の変化については、現在まで全く明らかとされていなかった。本研究では、フランス国立内分泌研究所Milgrom教授より供与された、この人TSH受容体β-subunit蛋白に対するモノクロナール抗体を用い、甲状腺組織におけるTSH受容体の局在、分布に関する免疫組織化学的検討を行ってきた。その結果、TSH受容体は甲状腺濾胞細胞の基底側細胞膜に存在し、その蛋白量は甲状腺腺腫、癌で正常甲状腺に比し増加し、さらにGraves病甲状腺では極めて増加していることを明らかとした。このことは腺腫、癌でTSH受容体が保たれていること、又グレブス病甲状腺ではTSH受容体がup-regulateされ、これがGraves病における甲状腺機能亢進の病因の一つとなっている可能性を示唆するものであった(Mizukami Y.et al.J Clin Endocrinol Metab.79:616,1994)。さらに私達はTSH受容体の発現を蛋白レベルのみならず、さらにmessenger RNAレベルでも検討し、免疫組織化学的に得られた結果をさらに検証すべきと考え、現在western blotting法およびin situ hybridization法を用いて検討中である。<br />The TSH-receptor plays a key role in the control of thyroid function and proliferation. To demonstrate this receptor in normal and diseased human thyroid tissues, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis using a monoclonal antibody (T3-356) against recombinant human TSH receptor protein, which recognizes an epitope within the fragment in position 604-764 of human TSH-receptor (C-terminal region) .In normal human thyroid tissues, a positive staining was observed exclusively along the basal cell surface of the flattened follicular cells. In the tissues from adenomatous nodules, adenomas and papillary carcinomas, a positive staining was also found along basal cell surface of the follicular cells, and in addition, a considerable cytoplasmic staining was also observed. Apical and lateral cell surface of the follicular cells showed no staining. The staining intensity was more intense in the papillary carcinomas and follicular adenomas, and it was less intense in the oxyphilic cell adenom as and adenomatous nodules compared with the normal thyroid tissues. The foci of squamous cell metaplasia of papillary carcinomas, anaplastic carcinoma and medullary carcinoma did not show a positive staining. These findings indicate that TSH-receptor is preserved essentially in the basal cell surface of the thyroid follicular cells in neoplastic conditionsThree cases of Graves' disease had been preoperatively treated with anti-thyroid drugs, but were still hyperthyroid at surgery. The positive staining was also observed along the basal cell surface of the follicular cells from Graves' thyroids. The staining intensity was significantly increased in the Graves' thyroids compared with the normal thyroids. The most intense staining was noted in the foci of papillary projection of the columnar follicular cells of the Graves' thyroids. This immunohistochemical finding suggested that the number of TSH-receptors was increased in Graves' thyroids and that a down-regulatory mechanism of TSH-receptor may not be present in Graves' thyroids despite of the continuous stimulation of the thyroid follicular cells by the presence of stimulatory-type autoantibodies against TSH-receptor. Such findings may explain how stimulatory-type autoantibodies are able to act as a stimulator and maintain increased thyroid hormone production in Graves' disease.Further investigation using western blotting and in situ hybridization for quantitative analysis of TSH-receptor protein is performed.<br />研究課題/領域番号:05670169, 研究期間(年度):1993-1994 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Nomura, Akitaka ; Mizukami, Yuji ; Matsubara, Fujitsugu ; Shimizu, Junzo ; Oda, Makoto ; Watanabe, Yoh ; Kamimura, Ryoichi ; Takashima, Tsutomu
出版情報: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan).  31  pp.756-765,  1992-06-01.  日本内科学会 = Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16779
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域保健学系<br />Seven patients (mean age, 50.7 +/- 20.4 years; range 21-77) with plasma cell granuloma (PCG) of the lung are reported. Cough and sputum were the most common presenting symptoms, followed by fever. Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and serum C-reactive protein levels were found in all patients tested. Radiologically, five cases presented as solitary, well-circumscribed masses and two as ill-defined, pneumonia-like densities. One showed focal calcification. No predilection of occurrence was observed in either lobe of the lung. Histologically, the lesions consisted of a proliferation of mature plasma cells and reticulo-endothelial cells supported by a stroma of granulation tissue, with varying degrees of myxoid change or collagenization. Angioinvasion within the lesion was observed in 4 of the 7 cases. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the IgG-predominant polyclonal nature of the plasma cells, indicating a reactive inflammatory process rather than a neoplastic one. Electron microscopy confirmed the benign nature of the plasma cells with fibroblast and myofibroblast proliferation admixed with that of other inflammatory cells. 続きを見る
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論文
Nomura, Akitaka ; Mizukami, Yuji ; Shimizu, Junji ; Oda, Makoto ; Watanabe, Yoh ; Kamimura, Ryoichi ; Takashima, Tsutomu ; Kitagawa, Masanobu
出版情報: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan).  31  pp.1396-1400,  1992-12-01.  日本内科学会 = Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16781
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域保健学系<br />A case with primary plasmacytoma of the lung is described. The patient, a 55-year-old Japanes e female, who simultaneously had a pulmonary plasmacytoma and bladder carcinoma. The bladder tumor was treated with transurethral resection. Pathologically, the bladder tumor was a non-invasive, papillary transitional cell carcinoma, grade II. The lung tumor was located in the right upper lobe and upper lobectomy was performed. The tumor measured 2.8 x 2.7 x 2.0 cm and had a white-yellowish cut surface. Histologic, electron microscopic and immunohistochemical examinations of the lung tumor revealed monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells (IgA, lambda light chain). There was no evidence of multiple myeloma. 続きを見る
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論文
Nomura, Akitaka ; Mizukami, Yuji ; Matsubara, Fujitsugu ; Nakanuma, Yasuni ; Kobayashi, Kenichi
出版情報: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan).  31  pp.154-159,  1992-02-01.  日本内科学会 = Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16778
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域保健学系<br />Intrahepatic infiltrate from 18 patients who died of fulminant hepatitis, was analyzed by an immunohistochemical method using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded liver sections and monoclonal antibodies. Inflammatory cells were characteristically located in the portal and periportal areas adjoining resting hepatocytes, but were infrequently found in the perivenular areas where hemorrhagic hepatocyte necrosis predominated. In the inflammatory infiltrate, T cells were the most predominant cell type, composing about two-thirds of the total hepatic infiltrate, followed by lysozyme-positive macrophages which composed about one-third of the total hepatic infiltrate, irrespective of the etiology of the fulminant hepatitis. On the other hand, B cells made up less than 2% in all cases, and plasma cells were also few, less than 2% in 12 of 18 cases. Furthermore, an enhanced display of beta 2-microglobulin on hepatocyte membranes was demonstrated in all cases with remaining hepatocytes, indicating an increased expression of class I MHC antigens on these cells. These results suggest that T cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of the portal and periportal lesions of fulminant hepatitis, probably with a help of MHC class I antigens on hepatocytes, while hemorrhagic necrosis of hepatocytes around the central veins may be caused by a different mechanism, most likely a circulatory disturbance secondary to cell-mediated immune reactions in the periportal areas. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Nomura, Akitaka ; Mizukami, Yuji ; Murakami, Shinya ; Shimizu, Junzo ; Watanabe, Yoh ; Kamimura, Ryoichi ; Takashima, Tsutomu ; Kitagawa, Masanobu
出版情報: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan).  32  pp.820-823,  1993-10-01.  日本内科学会 = Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16780
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域保健学系<br />A 79-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with the complaint of bloody sputum. Chest X- ray revealed an abnormal shadow in the right upper lobe. Macroscopically, the lesion measured about 3.5 x 2.5 x 2.0 cm with a central cavity containing pus. Histologically, the lesion was composed of interlacing fibroblastic proliferation with abundant plasma cell infiltration and central cavitation. The inner surface of the cavity wall was partially covered by bronchial epithelial cells; there was no cartilage found, suggesting that the lesion had developed from chronic inflammatory processes in relation to ectatic bronchioles. Since the pathogenesis of plasma cell granuloma (PCG) has not been well established, it is probable that this case represents one stage in the development of classic PCG. 続きを見る