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Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Kitahara, Masaaki ; Arihara, Fumitaka ; Sakai, Yoshio ; Kakinoki, Kaheita ; Fujita, Yui ; Marukawa, Yohei ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Matsushima, Kouji ; Matsui, Osamu ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Clinical and Experimental Immunology.  163  pp.165-177,  2011-02-01.  Blackwell Publishing
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/26396
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Despite curative locoregional treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), tumour recurrence rates remain high. The current study was designed to assess the safety and bioactivity of infusion of dendritic cells (DCs) stimulated with OK432, a streptococcus-derived anti-cancer immunotherapeutic agent, into tumour tissues following transcatheter hepatic arterial embolization (TAE) treatment in patients with HCC. DCs were derived from peripheral blood monocytes of patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis and HCC in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and stimulated with 0.1 KE/ml OK432 for 2 days. Thirteen patients were administered with 5 × 106 of DCs through arterial catheter during the procedures of TAE treatment on day 7. The immunomodulatory effects and clinical responses were evaluated in comparison with a group of 22 historical controls treated with TAE but without DC transfer. OK432 stimulation of immature DCs promoted their maturation towards cells with activated phenotypes, high expression of a homing receptor, fairly well-preserved phagocytic capacity, greatly enhanced cytokine production and effective tumoricidal activity. Administration of OK432-stimulated DCs to patients was found to be feasible and safe. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed prolonged recurrence-free survival of patients treated in this manner compared with the historical controls (P = 0.046, log-rank test). The bioactivity of the transferred DCs was reflected in higher serum concentrations of the cytokines IL-9, IL-15 and tumour necrosis factor-α and the chemokines CCL4 and CCL11. Collectively, this study suggests that a DC-based, active immunotherapeutic strategy in combination with locoregional treatments exerts beneficial anti-tumour effects against liver cancer. © 2010 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Immunology © 2010 British Society for Immunology. 続きを見る
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Kakinoki, Kaheita ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Kagaya, Takashi ; Tsuchiyama, Tomoya ; Sakai, Yoshio ; Nakahama, Tohru ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Journal of Gene Medicine.  12  pp.1002-1013,  2010-12-01.  Wiley-Blackwell
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/26395
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />The prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor, largely as a resul t of intrahepatic metastasis. Using a mouse model of intrahepatic metastasis, we investigated whether chemokine ligand 2/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2/MCP-1) could potentiate the antitumor effects of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-tk/GCV) system.Methods: Mouse hepatoma cells infected with recombinant adenovirus vectors expressing HSV-tk, CCL2/MCP-1 and LacZ at multiplicities of infection of Ad-tk/Ad-MCP1 = 3/0.03 (T/MLow), 3/3 (T/MHigh) and Ad-tk/Ad-LacZ = 3/3 (T/L) were injected into BALB/c mice.Results: Intrahepatic tumor growth was significantly lower in T/MLow mice. By contrast, no tumor suppression was observed in T/MHigh mice. The tumor-specific cytolytic activities of splenocytes from T/MLow and T/MHigh mice were comparable. Immunohistochemical analysis of liver tissues showed similar infiltration by Mac-1+ and T cells in these animals, whereas the proportions of classical activated (M1) monocytes/macrophages were significantly higher in T/MLow mice. In addition, interleukin-12 production was elevated in these tissues. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A expression and CD31+ microvessels were increased in T/MHigh mice.Conclusions: Collectively, these results demonstrate that an adequate amount of CCL2/MCP-1, together with the HSV-tk/GCV system, may induce T helper 1-polarized antitumor effects without inducing tumor angiogenesis in the microenvironment of intrahepatic HCC progression. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 続きを見る
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Wada, Takashi ; Tomosugi, Naohisa I. ; Naito, Takero ; Yokoyama, Hitoshi ; Kobayashi, Kenichi ; Harada, Akihisa ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Matsushima, Kouji
出版情報: Journal of Experimental Medicine.  180  pp.1135-1140,  1994-09-01.  Rockefeller University Press
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/29239
概要: Glomerular infiltration by neutrophils is a hallmark of acute glomerulonephritis. The pathophysiological role of interleukin 8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil chemotactic cytokine (chemokine), was explored in an animal model of acute immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis by administering a neutralizing antibody against IL-8. Repeated injection of bovine serum albumin (BSA) into rabbits caused the deposition of immune complexes consisting of BSA and rabbit IgG in glomeruli. Histological analyses revealed a small but significant number of neutrophils in glomeruli and the fusion of epithelial cell foot processes. Concomitantly, urinary levels of protein and albumin increased markedly (3.20 ± 0.97 and 1.39 ± 0.53 mg/h, respectively) compared with those of untreated animals (0.77 ± 0.21 and 0.01 ± 0.01 mg/h, respectively). Anti-IL-8 antibody treatment decreased the number of neutrophils in glomeruli by 40% and dramatically prevented the fusion of epithelial cell foot process. Furthermore, treatment with anti-IL-8 antibody completely normalized the urinary levels of protein and albumin (0.89 ± 0.15 and 0.02 ± 0.01 mg/h, respectively). These results indicated that IL-8 participated in the impairment of renal functions in experimental acute immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis through activating as well as recruiting neutrophils. 続きを見る
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Marukawa, Yohei ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Kakinoki, Kaheita ; Tsuchiyama, Tomoya ; Iida, Noriho ; Kagaya, Takashi ; Sakai, Yoshio ; Naito, Makoto ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Gene Therapy.  19  pp.312-319,  2012-05-01.  Nature Publishing Group
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/31396
概要: Suicide gene therapy using the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-tk/GCV) system combined with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) provides significant antitumor efficacy. The current study was designed to evaluate the antitumor immunity of a newly developed membrane-bound form of MCP-1 (mMCP-1) in an immunocompetent mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A recombinant adenovirus vector (rAd) harboring the human MCP-1 gene and the membrane-spanning domain of the CX3CL1 gene was used. Large amounts of MCP-1 protein were expressed and accumulated on the tumor cell surface. The growth of subcutaneous tumors was markedly suppressed when tumors were treated with mMCP-1, as compared with soluble MCP-1, in combination with the HSV-tk/GCV system (P<0.01). The numbers of Mac-1-, CD4-and CD8a-positive cells were significantly higher in tumor tissues (P<0.05), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA expression levels with mMCP-1 were almost five-fold higher than those with soluble MCP-1. These results indicate that the delivery of the mMCP-1 gene greatly enhanced antitumor effects following the apoptotic stimuli by promoting the recruitment and activation of macrophages and T lymphocytes, suggesting a novel strategy of immune-based gene therapy in the treatment of patients with HCC. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. 続きを見る
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Marukawa, Yohei ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Kakinoki, Kaheita ; Tsuchiyama, Tomoya ; Iida, Noriho ; Kagaya, Takashi ; Sakai, Yoshio ; Naito, Makoto ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Gene Therapy.  19  pp.312-319,  2012-05-01.  Nature Publishing Group
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/30373
概要: Suicide gene therapy using the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-tk/GCV) system combined with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) provides significant antitumor efficacy. The current study was designed to evaluate the antitumor immunity of a newly developed membrane-bound form of MCP-1 (mMCP-1) in an immunocompetent mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A recombinant adenovirus vector (rAd) harboring the human MCP-1 gene and the membrane-spanning domain of the CX3CL1 gene was used. Large amounts of MCP-1 protein were expressed and accumulated on the tumor cell surface. The growth of subcutaneous tumors was markedly suppressed when tumors were treated with mMCP-1, as compared with soluble MCP-1, in combination with the HSV-tk/GCV system (P<0.01). The numbers of Mac-1-, CD4- and CD8a-positive cells were significantly higher in tumor tissues (P<0.05), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA expression levels with mMCP-1 were almost five-fold higher than those with soluble MCP-1. These results indicate that the delivery of the mMCP-1 gene greatly enhanced antitumor effects following the apoptotic stimuli by promoting the recruitment and activation of macrophages and T lymphocytes, suggesting a novel strategy of immune-based gene therapy in the treatment of patients with HCC.Cancer Gene Therapy advance online publication, 9 March 2012; doi:10.1038/cgt.2012.3. 続きを見る
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Kitahara, Masaaki ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Matsushima, Kouji ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: International Immunopharmacology.  21  pp.346-353,  2014-08-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/39073
概要: Background & aims Immunotherapy using dendritic cells (DCs) is a promising cancer therapy. The success of this therapy depends on the function of induced DCs. However, there has been no consensus on optimal conditions for DC preparation in vitro for immunotherapy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. To address relevant issues, we evaluated the procedures to induce DCs that efficiently function in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC. Methods We studied immunological data from 14 HCC patients. The DC preparation and the surface markers were assessed by flow cytometric analysis. Four different additional activation stimuli (Method I, medium alone; Method II, with OK-432; Method III, with IL-1β + IL-6 + TNF-α; Method IV, with IL-1β + IL-6 + TNF-α + PGE2) were tested and the functions of DCs were confirmed by examination of the ability of phagocytosis, cytokine production and allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). Results The numbers of DCs induced and their cytokine production ability were not different between healthy controls and HCC patients. T-cell stimulatory activity of DCs in MLR was significantly lower in HCC patients than in healthy controls. The maturation of DCs with OK-432 boosted production of cytokines and chemokines, such as IL-2, IL-12p70, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-13 and MIP1α, and restored T-cell stimulatory activity of DCs in MLR. Conclusions The clinically approved compound OK-432 is a candidate for highly immunocompetent DC preparation and may be considered as a key drug for immunotherapy of HCV-related HCC patients. © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. 続きを見る
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Iida, Noriho ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Baba, Tomohisa ; Nakagawa, Hidetoshi ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Naito, Makoto ; Mukaida, Naofumi ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Cancer Research.  70  pp.6556-6565,  2010-08-15.  American Association for Cancer Research
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/25268
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Several chemokines are used for immunotherapy against cancers because they can attract immune cells such as dendritic and cytotoxic T cells to augment immune responses. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is used to locally eliminate cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), renal cell carcinoma, and lung cancer. Because HCC often recurs even after an eradicative treatment with RFA, additional immunotherapy is necessary. We treated tumor-bearing mice by administering ECI301, an active variant of CC chemokine ligand 3, after RFA. Mice were injected s.c. with BNL 1ME A.7R.1, a murine hepatoma cell line, in the bilateral flank. After the tumor became palpable, RFA was done on the tumor of one flank with or without ECI301. RFA alone eliminated the treated ipsilateral tumors and retarded the growth of contralateral non-RFA-treated tumors accompanied by massive T-cell infiltration. Injection of ECI301 augmented RFA-induced antitumor effect against non-RFA-treated tumors when administered to wild-type or CCR5-deficient but not CCR1-deficient mice. ECI301 also increased CCR1-expressing CD11c+ cells in peripheral blood and RFA-treated tumors after RFA. Deficiency of CCR1 impairs accumulation of CD11c+, CD4+, and CD8+ cells in RFA-treated tumors. Furthermore, in IFN-ã-enzyme-linked immunospot assay, ECI301 augmented tumor-specific responses after RFA whereas deficiency of CCR1 abolished this augmentation. Thus, we proved that ECI301 further augments RFA-induced antitumor immune responses in a CCR1-dependent manner. ©2010 AACR. 続きを見る
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Yang, Xiaoqin ; Lu, Peirong ; Fujii, Chifumi ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Gao, Ji Liang ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Murphy, Philip M. ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  118  pp.1869-1876,  2006-04-15.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6666
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />We previously observed that a chemokine, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 α/CCL3, and its receptor, CCR1, were aberrantly expressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. Here, we show that CCL3 and CCR1 are also expressed in 2 different models of this cancer; N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN)-induced HCC and HCC induced by hepatitis B virus surface (HBs) antigen-primed splenocyte transfer to myelo-ablated syngeneic HBs antigen transgenic mice. At 10 months after DEN treatment, foci number and sizes were remarkably reduced in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice, compared with those of wild-type (WT) mice, although tumor incidence were marginally, but significantly, higher in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice than in WT mice. Of note is that tumor angiogenesis was also markedly diminished in CCL3- and CCR1-deficient mice, with a concomitant reduction in the number of intratumoral Kupffer cells, a rich source of growth factors and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Among growth factors and MMPs that we examined, only MMP9 and MMP13 gene expression was augmented progressively in liver of WT mice after DEN treatment. Moreover, MMP9, but not MMP13, gene expression was attenuated in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice, compared with that of WT mice. Furthermore, MMP9 was expressed mainly by mononuclear cells but not hepatoma cells, and MMP9-expressing cell numbers were decreased in CCR1- or CCL3-deficient mice, compared with WT mice. These observations suggest the contribution of the CCR1-CCL3 axis to HCC progression. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る
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Fujii, Chifumi ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Lu, Peirong ; Tsuneyama, Koichi ; Popivanova, Boryana K. ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  114  pp.209-218,  2005-03-20.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6664
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />Most cases of human hepatocellular carcinoma develop after persistent chronic infection with human hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus, and host responses are presumed to have major roles in this process. To recapitulate this process, we have developed the mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma using hepatitis B virus surface antigen transgenic mice. To identify the genes associated with hepatocarcinogenesis in this model, we compared the gene expression patterns between pre-malignant lesions surrounded by hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and control liver tissues by using a fluorescent differential display analysis. Among the genes that were expressed differentially in the pre-malignant lesions, we focused on Pim-3, a member of a proto-oncogene Pim family, because its contribution to hepatocarcinogenesis remains unknown. Moreover, the unavailability of the nucleotide sequence of full-length human Pim-3 cDNA prompted us to clone it from the cDNA library constructed from a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. The obtained 2,392 bp human Pim-3 cDNA encodes a predicted open reading frame consisting of 326 amino acids. Pim-3 mRNA was selectively expressed in human hepatoma cell lines, but not in normal liver tissues. Moreover, Pim-3 protein was detected in human hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and cell lines but not in normal hepatocytes. Furthermore, cell proliferation was attenuated and apoptosis was enhanced in human hepatoma cell lines by the ablation of Pim-3 gene with RNA interference. These observations suggest that aberrantly expressed Pim-3 can cause autonomous cell proliferation or prevent apoptosis in hepatoma cell lines. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る
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Yang, Xiaoqin ; Lu, Peirong ; Ishida, Yuko ; Kuziel, William A. ; Fujii, Chifumi ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  118  pp.335-345,  2006-11-15.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6665
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />The liver parenchyma is populated by hepatocytes and several nonparenchymal cell types, inclu ding Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells. Both Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells are responsive to the chemokine CCL2, but the precise roles of CCL2 and these cells in liver tumor formation remain undefined. Hence, we investigated the effects of the lack of the major CCL2 receptor, CCR2, on liver tumor formation induced by intraportal injection of the murine colon adenocarcinoma cell line, colon 26. Wild-type mice showed macroscopic tumor foci in the liver 10 days after injection of colon 26 cells. After 10 days, CCL2 proteins were detected predominantly in tumor cells, coincident with increased intratumoral macrophage and hepatic stellate cell numbers. Although tumor formation occurred at similar rates in wild-type and CCR2-deficient mice up to 10 days after tumor cell injection, the number and size of tumor foci were significantly attenuated in CCR2-deficient mice relative to wild-type mice thereafter. Moreover, neovascularization and matrix metalloproteinase 2 expression were diminished in CCR2-deficient mice with a concomitant reduction in the accumulation of macrophages and hepatic stellate cells. Furthermore, matrix metalloproteinase 2 was detected predominantly in hepatic stellate cells but not in macrophages. We provided the first definitive evidence that the absence of CCR2-mediated signals can reduce the trafficking of hepatic stellate cells, a main source of matrix metalloproteinase 2, and consequently can diminish neovascularization during liver tumor formation. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る