1.

学位論文

学位
西, 大樹 ; Nishi, Taiki
出版情報: 博士論文本文Full
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/45952
概要: 博士論文本文Full 以下に掲載:resuscitation 98(1) pp.27-34 2016. Elsevier 共著者:Taiki Nishi, Takahisa Kamikura, Akira Funada, Yasuhiro Myojo, Tetsuya Ishida, Hideo Inaba
2.

学位論文

学位
西, 大樹 ; Nishi, Taiki
出版情報: 博士論文要旨Abstract
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/45949
概要: 博士論文要旨Abstract 以下に掲載:resuscitation 98(1) pp.27-34 2016. Elsevier. 共著者:Taiki Nishi, Takahisa Kamikura, Akira Funada, Yasuhiro Myojo, Tetsuya Ishida, Hideo Inaba
3.

論文

論文
Tanaka, Yoshio ; Maeda, Tetsuo ; Kamikura, Takahisa ; Nishi, Taiki ; Omi, Wataru ; Hashimoto, Masaaki ; Sakagami, Satoru ; Inaba , Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  86  pp.74-81,  2015-01-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/40723
概要: Aim: To investigate whether the bystander-patient relationship affects bystander response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and patient outcomes depending on the time of day. Methods: This population-based observational study in Japan involving 139,265 bystander-witnessed OHCAs (90,426 family members, 10,479 friends/colleagues, and 38,360 others) without prehospital physician involvement was conducted from 2005 to 2009. Factors associated with better bystander response [early emergency call and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR)] and 1-month neurologically favourable survival were assessed. Results: The rates of dispatcher-assisted CPR during daytime (7:00-18:59) and nighttime (19:00-6:59) were highest in family members (45.6% and 46.1%, respectively, for family members; 28.7% and 29.2%, respectively, for friends/colleagues; and 28.1% and 25.3%, respectively, for others). However, the BCPR rates were lowest in family members (35.5% and 37.8%, respectively, for family members; 43.7% and 37.8%, respectively, for friends/colleagues; and 59.3% and 50.0%, respectively, for others). Large delays (≥5. min) in placing emergency calls and initiating BCPR were most frequent in family members. The overall survival rate was lowest (2.7%) for family members and highest (9.1%) for friends/colleagues during daytime. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the effect of bystander relationship on survival was significant only during daytime [adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for survival from daytime OHCAs with family as reference were 1.51 (1.36-1.68) for friends/colleagues and 1.23 (1.13-1.34) for others]. Conclusions: Family members are least likely to perform BCPR and OHCAs witnessed by family members are least likely to survive during daytime. Different strategies are required for family-witnessed OHCAs. 続きを見る
4.

論文

論文
Takei, Yutaka ; Nishi, Taiki ; Matsubara, Hiroki ; Hashimoto, Masaaki ; Inaba, Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  85  pp.492-498,  2014-04-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/39096
概要: Aims: To identify the factors associated with good-quality bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR). Methods: Data were prospectively collected from 553 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) managed with BCPR in the absence of emergency medical technicians (EMT) during 2012. The quality of BCPR was evaluated by EMTs at the scene and was assessed according to the standard recommendations for chest compressions, including proper hand positions, rates and depths. Results: Good-quality BCPR was more frequently confirmed in OHCAs that occurred in the central/urban region (56.3% [251/446] vs. 39.3% [42/107], p= 0.0015), had multiple rescuers (31.8% [142/446] vs. 11.2% [12/107], p< 0.0001) and received bystander-initiated BCPR (22.0% [98/446] vs. 5.6% [6/107], p< 0.0001). Good-quality BCPR was less frequently performed by family members (46.9% [209/446] vs. 67.3% [72/107], p= 0.0001), elderly bystanders (13.5% [60/446] vs. 28.0% [30/107], p= 0.0005) and in at-home OHCAs (51.1% [228/446] vs. 72.9% [78/107], p< 0.0001). BCPR duration was significantly longer in the good-quality group (median, 8 vs. 6. min, p= 0.0015). Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that multiple rescuers (odds ratio. = 2.8, 95% CI 1.5-5.6), bystander-initiated BCPR (2.7, 1.1-7.3), non-elderly bystanders (1.9, 1.1-3.2), occurrence in the central region (2.1, 1.3-3.3) and duration of BCPR (1.1, 1.0-1.1) were associated with good-quality BCPR. Moreover, good-quality BCPR was initiated earlier after recognition/witness of cardiac arrest compared with poor-quality BCPR (3 vs. 4. min, p= 0.0052). The rate of neurologically favourable survival at one year was 2.7 and 0% in the good-quality and poor-quality groups, respectively (p= 0.1357). Conclusions: The presence of multiple rescuers and bystander-initiated CPR are predominantly associated with good-quality BCPR. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
Nishi, Taiki ; Kamikura, Takahisa ; Funada, Akira ; Myojo, Yasuhiro ; Ishida, Tetsuya ; Inaba, Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  98  pp.27-34,  2016-01-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/44228
概要: Aim: Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) impacts the rates of bystander CPR (BCPR) and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). This study aimed to elucidate whether regional variations in indexes for BCPR and emergency medical service (EMS) may be associated with OHCA outcomes. Methods: We conducted a population-based observational study involving 157,093 bystander-witnessed, resuscitation-attempted OHCAs without physician involvement between 2007 and 2011. For each index of BCPR and EMS, we classified the 47 prefectures into the following three groups: advanced, intermediate, and developing regions. Nominal logit analysis followed by multivariable logistic regression including OHCA backgrounds was employed to examine the association between neurologically favourable 1-month survival, and regional classifications based on BCPR- and EMS-related indexes. Results: Logit analysis including all regional classifications revealed that the number of BLS training course participants per population or bystander's own performance of BCPR without DA-CPR was not associated with the survival. Multivariable logistic regression including the OHCA backgrounds known to be associated with survival (BCPR provision, arrest aetiology, initial rhythm, patient age, time intervals of witness-to-call and call-to-arrival at patient), the following regional classifications based on DA-CPR but not on EMS were associated with survival: sensitivity of DA-CPR [adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) for advanced region; those for intermediate region, with developing region as reference, 1.277 (1.131-1.441); 1.162 (1.058-1.277)]; the proportion of bystanders to follow DA-CPR [1.749 (1.554-1.967); 1.280 (1.188-1.380)]. Conclusions: Good outcomes of bystander-witnessed OHCAs correlate with regions having higher sensitivity of DA-CPR and larger proportion of bystanders to follow DA-CPR. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.<br />Embargo Period 12 months 続きを見る
6.

論文

論文
Nishi, Taiki ; Maeda, Tetsuo ; Takase, Keiko ; Kamikura, Takahiro ; Tanaka, Yoshio ; Inaba, Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  84  pp.154-161,  2013-02-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/31993
概要: Review: An increased number of rescuers may improve the survival rate from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). The majority of OHCAs occur at home and are handled by family members. Materials and methods: Data from 5078 OHCAs that were witnessed by citizens and unwitnessed by citizens or emergency medical technicians from January 2004 to March 2010 were prospectively collected. The number of rescuers was identified in 4338 OHCAs and was classified into two (single rescuer (N = 2468) and multiple rescuers (N = 1870)) or three (single rescuer, two rescuers (N = 887) and three or more rescuers (N = 983)) groups. The backgrounds, characteristics and outcomes of OHCAs were compared between the two groups and among the three groups. Results: When all OHCAs were collectively analysed, an increased number of rescuers was associated with better outcomes (one-year survival and one-year survival with favourable neurological outcomes were 3.1% and 1.9% for single rescuers, 4.1% and 2.0% for two rescuers, and 6.0% and 4.6% for three or more rescuers, respectively (p = 0.0006 and p < 0.0001)). A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of multiple rescuers is an independent factor that is associated with one-year survival (odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.539 (1.088-2.183)). When only OHCAs that occurred at home were analysed (N = 2902), the OHCAs that were handled by multiple rescuers were associated with higher incidences of bystander CPR but were not associated with better outcomes. Conclusions: In summary, an increased number of rescuers improves the outcomes of OHCAs. However, this beneficial effect is absent in OHCAs that occur at home. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. 続きを見る