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論文

論文
Echigo, Takeshi ; Hasegawa, Minoru ; Shimada, Yuka ; Takehara, Kazuhiko ; Sato, Shinichi
出版情報: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.  113  pp.940-948,  2004-05-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/1796
概要: Background: Fractalkine (FKN) induces activation and adhesion of leukocytes expressing its receptor, CX3CR1. FKN is released from the cell surface through proteolytic cleavage as soluble FKN (sFKN). Objective: We sought to assess FKN and CX3CR1 expression in the skin, serum sFKN levels, and CX3CR1 expression on blood leukocytes in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Methods: FKN and CX3CR1 expression in the skin was examined immunohistochemically. mRNA expression of FKN, thymus and activation-regulated chemokine, and macrophage-derived chemokine in the skin was assessed by means of real-time RT-PCR. Serum sFKN levels were assessed by using ELISA. Blood leukocytes were stained for CX3CR1 by means of flow cytometric analysis. Results: FKN was strongly expressed on endothelial cells in skin lesions of patients with AD and psoriasis but not in normal skin. FKN mRNA levels in AD lesional skin increased to a similar extent to thymus and activation-regulated chemokine and macrophage-derived chemokine mRNA levels. CX3CR1-expressing cells in the affected skin of patients with AD or psoriasis increased compared with those in normal skin. Serum sFKN levels were increased in patients with AD but not in patients with psoriasis relative to levels in healthy control subjects. Serum sFKN levels were associated with the disease severity and decreased with the improvement of skin lesions in patients with AD. CX3CR1+ cell frequencies and CX3CR1 expression levels were decreased in CD8+ T cells, monocytes, and natural killer cells from patients with AD, but this was not observed in patients with psoriasis. Conclusions: These results suggest that through functions in both membrane-bound and soluble forms, FKN plays an important role in the trafficking of CX3CR1+ leukocytes during the inflammation caused by AD. 続きを見る
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論文
Wada, Takashi ; Sakai, Norihiko ; Sakai, Yoshio ; Matsushima, Kouji ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Furuichi, Kengo
出版情報: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology.  15  pp.8-13,  2011-02-01.  Japanese Society of Nephrology / Springer Verlag (Germany)
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/26306
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />Cellular mechanisms have been proposed in the pathogenesis of fibrotic processes in the kidney . In this setting, cell sources underlying the generation of matrix-producing cells in diseased kidneys have been categorized as activated resident stromal cells (e.g., fibroblasts, pericytes), infiltrating bone-marrow-derived cells (e.g., fibrocytes, T cells, macrophages), and cells derived from epithelial-mesenchymal transition/endothelial-mesenchymal transition. Among these cell sources, accumulating evidence has shed light on the involvement of bone-marrow-derived cells, including monocytes/macrophages, and a circulating mesenchymal progenitor cell, fibrocyte, in the progression of fibrosis in kidney. Bone-marrow-derived cells positive for CD45 or CD34, and type 1 (pro)collagen dependent on the chemokine and renin-angiotensin systems migrate into diseased kidneys and enhance synthesis matrix protein, cytokines/chemokines, and profibrotic growth factors, which may promote and escalate chronic inflammatory processes and possible interaction with resident stromal cells, thereby perpetuating kidney fibrosis. © 2010 Japanese Society of Nephrology. 続きを見る
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論文
Wada, Takashi ; Yokoyama, Hitoshi ; Sakai, Norihiko ; Izumiya, Yoshiaki ; Shimizu, Miho ; Furuichi, Kengo ; Segawa, Chikako ; Misaki, Tsuguho ; Kobayashi, Ken-ichi
出版情報: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology.  3  pp.130-132,  1999-01-01.  日本腎臓学会 = Japanese Society of Nephrology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/29243
概要: We describe the upregulation of cytokines in a 45-year-old woman with tubulointerstitial nephritis and membranous nephropathy revealed by renal biopsy. She was treated with a combination of prednisolone and cyclosporin. Histological findings showed appreciable improvement, and urinary protein excretion was decreased from 15 g/day to 1 g/day. Elevated urinary levels of chemokines, interleukin (IL)-8 and monocyte chemotactic and activating factor (MCAF)/monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α decreased during convalescence; 13 other patients with membranous nephropathy did not show elevation of these cytokines. These results suggest that the upregulation of these cytokines may participate in the pathogenesis of tubulointerstitial nephritis and that combination therapy of prednisolone and cyclosporin may be effective, possibly via inducing a decrease in these cytokines. 続きを見る
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論文
Harada, Kenichi ; Nakanuma, Yasuni
出版情報: Inflammation and Allergy - Drug Targets.  11  pp.478-483,  2012-12-01.  Bentham Science Publishers
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/33484
概要: Biliary innate immunity is involved in the pathogenesis of cholangiopathies in patients with various biliary diseases. Biliary epithelial cells possess an innate immune system consisting of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family and recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Recently, regulatory mechanisms by intracellular negative regulators including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ and micro-RNA have been clarified. In primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis, dysregulated biliary innate immunity, namely hyper-responsiveness to PAMPs, is associated with the histopathogenesis of cholangiopathy. Moreover, biliary epithelial cells produce monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) as a result of the innate immune response and bile ductules play a role in hepatic fibrosis caused by hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Also, biliary innate immune responses induce the production of two chemokines, fractalkine and macrophage inflammatory protein-3α (MIP-3α), causing the migration of inflammatory cells and a population of antigen-presenting cell found in epithelium, Langerhans cell, and involve chronic cholangitis associated with biliary epithelium-specific innate and acquired immunity in PBC. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. 続きを見る
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Sakai, Norihiko ; Furuichi, Kengo ; Shinozaki, Yasuyuki ; Yamauchi, Hiroyuki ; Toyama, Tadashi ; Kitajima, Shinji ; Okumura, Toshiya ; Kokubo, Satoshi ; Kobayashi, Motoo ; Takasawa, Kazuya ; Takeda, Shin-ichi ; Yoshimura, Mitsuhiro ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Wada, Takashi
出版情報: Human Pathology.  41  pp.672-678,  2010-05-01.  Elsevier BV
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/24037
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />The presence of chronic kidney disease in humans is associated with a risk of kidney function loss as well as the development of cardiovascular disease. Fibrocytes have been shown to contribute to organ fibrosis. In this study, the presence of fibrocytes was investigated immunohistochemically in kidney biopsy specimens from 100 patients with chronic kidney disease. In addition, 6 patients with thin basement membrane disease were studied as a disease control. In patients with chronic kidney disease, the infiltration of fibrocytes was observed mainly in the interstitium. The number of interstitial fibrocytes in patients with chronic kidney disease was higher than that in patients with thin basement membrane disease. The number of infiltrated fibrocytes in the interstitium correlated well with the severity of tubulointerstitial lesions, such as interstitial fibrosis, in patients with chronic kidney disease. In addition, there were significant correlations between the number of interstitial fibrocytes and the number of CD68-positive macrophages in the interstitium as well as urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1/CCL2 levels. In particular, there was an inverse correlation between the number of interstitial fibrocytes and kidney function at the time of biopsy. Finally, the numbers of interstitial fibrocytes and macrophages as well as urinary CCL2 levels were significantly decreased during convalescence induced by glucocorticoid therapy. These results suggest that fibrocytes may be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease through the interaction with macrophages as well as CCL2. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 続きを見る
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論文
Wada, Takashi ; Sakai, Norihiko ; Matsushima, Kouji ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: Kidney International.  72  pp.269-273,  2007-08-01.  Nature Publishing Group
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6933
概要: 金沢大学医学部附属病院血液浄化療法部<br />Fibrocytes are supposed to be a circulating connective tissue cell progenitor, which consi sts of a novel population of peripheral blood cells. This distinct population of blood-borne cells shares markers of leukocytes as well as mesenchymal cells. Accumulating evidence indicates that fibrosis is characteristic of progressive chronic kidney diseases of any etiologies, resulting in kidney failure. We have uncovered that CCR7-positive fibrocytes migrate into the kidney in response to secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine (SLC/CCL21) and contribute to kidney fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction in mice. In addition, the blockade of CCL21/CCR7 signaling by anti-CCL21 antibodies reduced kidney fibrosis, which was confirmed by a decrease in fibrosis in CCR7-null mice with concomitant reduction in macrophage recruitment along with reduced renal transcripts of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2). These findings suggest that fibrocytes dependent on CCL21/CCR7 signaling pathways contribute to the pathogenesis of kidney fibrosis, thereby providing that regulating fibrocytes may provide a novel therapeutic benefit for kidney fibrosis. © 2007 International Society of Nephrology. 続きを見る
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論文
Wada, Takashi ; Yokoyama, Hitoshi ; Matsushima, Koji ; Kobayashi, Kenichi ; 和田, 隆志
出版情報: International Immunopharmacology.  1  pp.637-645,  2001-04-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/1765
概要: The interaction of activated leukocytes and renal resident cells is thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of renal diseases. Recent investigations of the pathophysiological roles of chemokines and their cognate receptors have shed light on the detailed molecular mechanisms of leukocyte trafficking and activation in the diseased kidneys. Chemokine/chemokine receptor systems may be essentially involved in the pathogenesis of phase-specific renal disorders and the measurement of urinary levels of chemokines may be clinically useful for monitoring the different disease phases and activities. In addition, chemokine receptors expressed in renal resident cells may be involved in proliferation, fibrogenesis, as well as chemotaxis. The selective intervention of chemokine/chemokine receptor systems (anti-chemokine therapy) may have the potential as the particular therapeutic strategies for renal diseases in future 続きを見る
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論文
Yang, Xiaoqin ; Lu, Peirong ; Fujii, Chifumi ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Gao, Ji Liang ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Murphy, Philip M. ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  118  pp.1869-1876,  2006-04-15.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6666
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />We previously observed that a chemokine, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 α/CCL3, and its receptor, CCR1, were aberrantly expressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. Here, we show that CCL3 and CCR1 are also expressed in 2 different models of this cancer; N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN)-induced HCC and HCC induced by hepatitis B virus surface (HBs) antigen-primed splenocyte transfer to myelo-ablated syngeneic HBs antigen transgenic mice. At 10 months after DEN treatment, foci number and sizes were remarkably reduced in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice, compared with those of wild-type (WT) mice, although tumor incidence were marginally, but significantly, higher in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice than in WT mice. Of note is that tumor angiogenesis was also markedly diminished in CCL3- and CCR1-deficient mice, with a concomitant reduction in the number of intratumoral Kupffer cells, a rich source of growth factors and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Among growth factors and MMPs that we examined, only MMP9 and MMP13 gene expression was augmented progressively in liver of WT mice after DEN treatment. Moreover, MMP9, but not MMP13, gene expression was attenuated in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice, compared with that of WT mice. Furthermore, MMP9 was expressed mainly by mononuclear cells but not hepatoma cells, and MMP9-expressing cell numbers were decreased in CCR1- or CCL3-deficient mice, compared with WT mice. These observations suggest the contribution of the CCR1-CCL3 axis to HCC progression. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る
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論文
Yang, Xiaoqin ; Lu, Peirong ; Ishida, Yuko ; Kuziel, William A. ; Fujii, Chifumi ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  118  pp.335-345,  2006-11-15.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6665
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />The liver parenchyma is populated by hepatocytes and several nonparenchymal cell types, inclu ding Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells. Both Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells are responsive to the chemokine CCL2, but the precise roles of CCL2 and these cells in liver tumor formation remain undefined. Hence, we investigated the effects of the lack of the major CCL2 receptor, CCR2, on liver tumor formation induced by intraportal injection of the murine colon adenocarcinoma cell line, colon 26. Wild-type mice showed macroscopic tumor foci in the liver 10 days after injection of colon 26 cells. After 10 days, CCL2 proteins were detected predominantly in tumor cells, coincident with increased intratumoral macrophage and hepatic stellate cell numbers. Although tumor formation occurred at similar rates in wild-type and CCR2-deficient mice up to 10 days after tumor cell injection, the number and size of tumor foci were significantly attenuated in CCR2-deficient mice relative to wild-type mice thereafter. Moreover, neovascularization and matrix metalloproteinase 2 expression were diminished in CCR2-deficient mice with a concomitant reduction in the accumulation of macrophages and hepatic stellate cells. Furthermore, matrix metalloproteinase 2 was detected predominantly in hepatic stellate cells but not in macrophages. We provided the first definitive evidence that the absence of CCR2-mediated signals can reduce the trafficking of hepatic stellate cells, a main source of matrix metalloproteinase 2, and consequently can diminish neovascularization during liver tumor formation. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る
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Hayashi, Tomoyuki ; Yamashita, Taro ; Terashima, Takeshi ; Suda, Tsuyoshi ; Okada, Hikari ; Asahina, Yoshiro ; Hayashi, Takehiro ; Hara, Yasumasa ; Nio, Kouki ; Sunagozaka, Hajime ; Takatori, Hajime ; Arai, Kuniaki ; Yamashita, Tatsuya ; Mizukoshi, Eishiro ; Honda, Masao ; Kaneko, Shuichi
出版情報: BMC Cancer.  17  pp.870-,  2017-12-19.  BioMed Central Ltd.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00050515
概要: 金沢大学先進予防医学研究科<br />Background: Sorafenib is a multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor known to prolong overall survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Predicting this drug's survival benefits is challenging because clinical responses are rarely measurable during treatment. In this study, we hypothesized that serum cytokines levels could predict the survival of advanced HCC patients, as sorafenib targets signaling pathways activated in the tumor stromal microenvironment and potentially affects serum cytokine profiles. Methods: Of 143 patients with advanced-stage HCC, 104 who were recruited between 2003 and 2007 received hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) that mainly targets tumor epithelial cells at S-phase (cohort 1); additionally, 39 recruited between 2010 and 2012 received sorafenib, which primarily targets the stromal vascular endothelial cells. Serum samples were collected and aliquoted prior to the treatment. Serum EGF, bFGF, HGF, IFN-γ, IL-10, IL-12, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IP-10, MIG, PDGF-BB, SCF, SDF1, TGF-β, TGF-α, TNF-α, and VEGF-A were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors were used to assess tumor responses. Results: The median survival time of HCC patients in cohorts 1 (HAIC-treated) and 2 (sorafenib-treated) were 12.0 and 12.4 months, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed no significant survival differences between the 2 groups. Patients who survived more than 2 years after sorafenib treatment exhibited higher serum levels of IL-10, IL-12, TNF-a, IL-8, SDF-1, EGF, PDGF-BB, SCF, and TGF-α. Furthermore, cohort 2 patients with higher serum IL-5 (>12 pg/mL), IL-8 (>10 pg/mL), PDGF-BB (>300 pg/mL), and VEGF-A (>50 pg/mL) levels achieved longer survival; cohort 1 patients did not. Hierarchical cluster analysis of 6 cytokines robustly enriched for comparison analysis between cohorts 1 and 2 (IL-5, IL-8, TGF-α, PDGF-BB, CXCL9, and VEGF-A) revealed that elevation of these cytokines correlated with better survival when treated with sorafenib but not with HAIC. Conclusions: Patients who exhibited survival benefits owing to sorafenib treatment tended to present higher serum cytokines levels, potentially reflecting the activation of stromal signaling in the tumor microenvironment. Our study thus introduces novel biomarkers that may identify advanced HCC patients who may experience survival benefits with sorafenib treatment. © 2017 The Author(s). 続きを見る