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論文

論文
Noji, Yoshihiro ; Shimizu, Masami ; Ino, Hidekazu ; Higashikata, Toshinori ; Yamaguchi, Masato ; Nohara, Atsushi ; Horita, Takahiro ; Shimizu, Kuniyoshi ; Ito, Yuji ; Matsuda, Takeshi ; Namura, Masanobu ; Mabuchi, Hiroshi
出版情報: Circulation Journal.  68  pp.355-360,  2004-04-01.  日本循環器学会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/7196
概要: 金沢大学大学院医学系研究科 <br />Background: Some patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) develop left ventricular (LV) wall thinning associated with LV dilatation and systolic dysfunction. Recently, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPS) were reported to be involved in ventricular remodeling, however, little is known about MMPs and TIMPs in patients with HCM. Methods and Results: Enzyme-linked immunoassays were used to measure the plasma concentrations of MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 in 11 patients with HCM accompanied by systolic dysfunction (fractional shortening (FS) <25%, group A), 17 patients with HCM who had preserved systolic function (FS ≥25%, group B), and 50 age-matched clinically healthy control subjects (mean age: 57 years). The concentration of MMP-2 in group A was significantly higher than in group B and the control subjects (1,124±84, 792±49, 809+26 ng/ml, respectively), whereas there was no significant difference between group B and the control subjects. MMP-2 concentrations significantly increased as the New York Heart Association functional class increased in patients with HCM. TIMP-2 was also significantly higher in group A patients than in group B and the control subjects (45.3±4.7, 34.6±2.2, 33.7±1.8 ng/ml, respectively), but there was no difference between group B and control subjects. TIMP-1 was significantly higher in HCM patients than in control subjects. MMP-3 and MMP-9 concentrations did not differ among the 3 groups. Both MMP-2 and TIMP-2 correlated significantly with FS and LV dimension, negatively and positively, respectively. Conclusions: These results suggest that changes in the release and activity of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 may be associated with the mechanisms responsible for cardiac remodeling in patients with HCM. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Yang, Xiaoqin ; Lu, Peirong ; Fujii, Chifumi ; Nakamoto, Yasunari ; Gao, Ji Liang ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Murphy, Philip M. ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  118  pp.1869-1876,  2006-04-15.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6666
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />We previously observed that a chemokine, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 α/CCL3, and its receptor, CCR1, were aberrantly expressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. Here, we show that CCL3 and CCR1 are also expressed in 2 different models of this cancer; N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN)-induced HCC and HCC induced by hepatitis B virus surface (HBs) antigen-primed splenocyte transfer to myelo-ablated syngeneic HBs antigen transgenic mice. At 10 months after DEN treatment, foci number and sizes were remarkably reduced in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice, compared with those of wild-type (WT) mice, although tumor incidence were marginally, but significantly, higher in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice than in WT mice. Of note is that tumor angiogenesis was also markedly diminished in CCL3- and CCR1-deficient mice, with a concomitant reduction in the number of intratumoral Kupffer cells, a rich source of growth factors and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Among growth factors and MMPs that we examined, only MMP9 and MMP13 gene expression was augmented progressively in liver of WT mice after DEN treatment. Moreover, MMP9, but not MMP13, gene expression was attenuated in CCR1- and CCL3-deficient mice, compared with that of WT mice. Furthermore, MMP9 was expressed mainly by mononuclear cells but not hepatoma cells, and MMP9-expressing cell numbers were decreased in CCR1- or CCL3-deficient mice, compared with WT mice. These observations suggest the contribution of the CCR1-CCL3 axis to HCC progression. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Yang, Xiaoqin ; Lu, Peirong ; Ishida, Yuko ; Kuziel, William A. ; Fujii, Chifumi ; Mukaida, Naofumi
出版情報: International Journal of Cancer.  118  pp.335-345,  2006-11-15.  Wiley-Liss
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/6665
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />The liver parenchyma is populated by hepatocytes and several nonparenchymal cell types, inclu ding Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells. Both Kupffer cells and hepatic stellate cells are responsive to the chemokine CCL2, but the precise roles of CCL2 and these cells in liver tumor formation remain undefined. Hence, we investigated the effects of the lack of the major CCL2 receptor, CCR2, on liver tumor formation induced by intraportal injection of the murine colon adenocarcinoma cell line, colon 26. Wild-type mice showed macroscopic tumor foci in the liver 10 days after injection of colon 26 cells. After 10 days, CCL2 proteins were detected predominantly in tumor cells, coincident with increased intratumoral macrophage and hepatic stellate cell numbers. Although tumor formation occurred at similar rates in wild-type and CCR2-deficient mice up to 10 days after tumor cell injection, the number and size of tumor foci were significantly attenuated in CCR2-deficient mice relative to wild-type mice thereafter. Moreover, neovascularization and matrix metalloproteinase 2 expression were diminished in CCR2-deficient mice with a concomitant reduction in the accumulation of macrophages and hepatic stellate cells. Furthermore, matrix metalloproteinase 2 was detected predominantly in hepatic stellate cells but not in macrophages. We provided the first definitive evidence that the absence of CCR2-mediated signals can reduce the trafficking of hepatic stellate cells, a main source of matrix metalloproteinase 2, and consequently can diminish neovascularization during liver tumor formation. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Sato, Hiroshi ; Seiki, Motoharu
出版情報: Journal of Biochemistry.  119  pp.209-215,  1996-02-01.  日本生化学会 = Japanese Biochemical Society
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/14434
概要: 金沢大学がん研究所がん病態制御<br />Activated gelatinase A is reportedly associated with tumor spread. We identified novel matrix metalloproteinases that localize on the cell surface and mediate the activation of progelatinase A. Thus, these progelatinase A activators were named membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -2 (MT-MMP-1 and -2, respectively). MT-MMP-1 is overexpressed in malignant tumor tissues, including lung and stomach carcinomas that contain activated gelatinase A. This suggests that MT-MMP-1 is associated with the activation of progelatinase A in these tumor tissues. The expression of MT-MMP-1 also induced binding of gelatinase A to the cell surface by functioning as a receptor. The cell surface localization of proteinases has advantages over pericellular proteolysis. MT-MMP1 and its family may play a central role in the cell surface localization and activation of progelatinase A and via this mechanism, tumor cell use exogenous progelatinase A to mediate the proteolysis associated with invasion and metastasis. 続きを見る