1.

図書

図書
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
出版情報: Paris : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, c2006-
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2.

論文

論文
Takuwa, Yoh ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Yoshioka, Kazuaki ; Takuwa, Noriko
出版情報: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids.  1781  pp.483-488,  2008-09-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/11867
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />The plasma lysophospholipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is produced exclusively by sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 1 and SPHK2 in vivo, and plays diverse biological and pathophysiological roles by acting largely through three members of the G protein-coupled S1P receptors, S1P1, S1P2 and S1P3. S1P1 expressed on endothelial cells mediates embryonic vascular maturation and maintains vascular integrity by contributing to eNOS activation, inhibiting vascular permeability and inducing endothelial cell chemotaxis via Gi-coupled mechanisms. By contrast, S1P2, is expressed in high levels on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and certain types of tumor cells, inhibiting Rac and cell migration via a G12/13-and Rho-dependent mechanism. In rat neointimal VSMCs, S1P1 is upregulated to mediate local production of platelet-derived growth factor, which is a key player in vascular remodeling. S1P3 expressed on endothelial cells also mediates chemotaxis toward S1P and vasorelaxation via NO production in certain vascular bed, playing protective roles for vascular integrity. S1P3 expressed on VSMCs and cardiac sinoatrial node cells mediates vasopressor and negative chronotropic effect, respectively. In addition, S1P3, together with S1P2 and SPHK1, is suggested to play a protective role against acute myocardial ischemia. However, our recent work indicates that overexpressed SPHK1 is involved in cardiomyocyte degeneration and fibrosis in vivo, in part through S1P activation of the S1P3 signaling. We also demonstrated that exogenously administered S1P accelerates neovascularization and blood flow recovery in ischemic limbs, suggesting its usefulness for angiogenic therapy. These results provide evidence for S1P receptor subtype-specific pharmacological intervention as a novel therapeutic approach to cardiovascular diseases and cancer. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 続きを見る
3.

論文

論文
Takuwa, Yoh ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Yoshioka, Kazuaki ; Takuwa, Noriko
出版情報: BBA - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids.  781  pp.483-488,  2008-09-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/11734
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系<br />The plasma lysophospholipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is produced exclusively by sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 1 and SPHK2 in vivo, and plays diverse biological and pathophysiological roles by acting largely through three members of the G protein-coupled S1P receptors, S1P1, S1P2 and S1P3. S1P1 expressed on endothelial cells mediates embryonic vascular maturation and maintains vascular integrity by contributing to eNOS activation, inhibiting vascular permeability and inducing endothelial cell chemotaxis via Gi-coupled mechanisms. By contrast, S1P2, is expressed in high levels on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and certain types of tumor cells, inhibiting Rac and cell migration via a G12/13-and Rho-dependent mechanism. In rat neointimal VSMCs, S1P1 is upregulated to mediate local production of platelet-derived growth factor, which is a key player in vascular remodeling. S1P3 expressed on endothelial cells also mediates chemotaxis toward S1P and vasorelaxation via NO production in certain vascular bed, playing protective roles for vascular integrity. S1P3 expressed on VSMCs and cardiac sinoatrial node cells mediates vasopressor and negative chronotropic effect, respectively. In addition, S1P3, together with S1P2 and SPHK1, is suggested to play a protective role against acute myocardial ischemia. However, our recent work indicates that overexpressed SPHK1 is involved in cardiomyocyte degeneration and fibrosis in vivo, in part through S1P activation of the S1P3 signaling. We also demonstrated that exogenously administered S1P accelerates neovascularization and blood flow recovery in ischemic limbs, suggesting its usefulness for angiogenic therapy. These results provide evidence for S1P receptor subtype-specific pharmacological intervention as a novel therapeutic approach to cardiovascular diseases and cancer. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 続きを見る
4.

論文

論文
Uekita, Takamasa ; Itoh, Yoshifumi ; Yana, Ikuo ; Ohno, Hiroshi ; Seiki, Motoharu
出版情報: Journal of Cell Biology.  155  pp.1345-1356,  2001-12-24.  Rockefeller University Press
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/11854
概要: 金沢大学自然科学研究科 理化学研究所・横浜研究所 免疫アレルギー科学総合研究センター(RCAI) 横浜市立大学大学院国際総合科学研究科生体超分子科学専攻 客員教授<br />Membrane-type 1 matrix meta lloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is an integral membrane proteinase that degrades the pericellular extracellular matrix (ECM) and is expressed in many migratory cells, including invasive cancer cells. MT1-MMP has been shown to localize at the migration edge and to promote cell migration; however, it is not clear how the enzyme is regulated during the migration process. Here, we report that MT1-MMP is internalized from the surface and that this event depends on the sequence of its cytoplasmic tail. Di-leucine (Leu571–572 and Leu578–579) and tyrosine573 residues are important for the internalization, and the µ2 subunit of adaptor protein 2, a component of clathrin-coated pits for membrane protein internalization, was found to bind to the LLY573 sequence. MT1-MMP was internalized predominantly at the adherent edge and was found to colocalize with clathrin-coated vesicles. The mutations that disturb internalization caused accumulation of the enzyme at the adherent edge, though the net proteolytic activity was not affected much. Interestingly, whereas expression of MT1-MMP enhances cell migration and invasion, the internalization-defective mutants failed to promote either activity. These data indicate that dynamic turnover of MT1-MMP at the migration edge by internalization is important for proper enzyme function during cell migration and invasion. 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
Yoshimoto, Taisuke ; Takino, Takahisa ; Li, Zichen ; Domoto, Takahiro ; Sato, Hiroshi
出版情報: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications.  455  pp.251-255,  2014-12-12.  Academic Press / Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/40597
概要: Vinculin regulates a variety of cellular functions partly through stabilization of tumor suppressor PTEN. In order to study the role of vinculin in tumor progression other than PTEN stabilization, vinculin was knocked down in PTEN-deficient squamous cell carcinoma HSC-4 cells. Knockdown of vinculin induced phenotypical change by reducing cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesions, and enhanced MT1-MMP expression at transcription level and subsequent cell migration. Up-regulation of MT1-MMP transcription by vinculin knockdown was abrogated by ERK inhibition. These results suggest that vinculin negatively regulates malignant phenotype of tumor cells including MT1-MMP transcription through MEK/ERK pathway. 続きを見る
6.

論文

論文
Yamashita, Ryohei
出版情報: International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development.  6  pp.165-179,  2018-10-15.  SPSD Press
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00053273
概要: Seismologists anticipate the occurrence of a massive earthquake with a hypocenter near Japan's Pacific coast within decades. This study was conducted in October 2015 among 6000 subjects residing in Kochi and Kanagawa Prefectures in Japan, and it investigated ways that residents of the coastal areas perceive the relative safety of urban versus rural areas and the effects of such views on people's desire to relocate to a non-coastal area. This study revealed that the evaluation of safety and resilience to the areas were different and that the extent to which the evaluation affects migration for disaster prevention is extremely small. 続きを見る
7.

図書

図書
Raluca Rădulescu, Christel Baltes-Löhr (Hg.)
出版情報: Bielefeld : Transcript, c2016
シリーズ名: Lettre
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