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論文

論文
Nakase, Junsuke ; Goshima, Kenichi ; Numata, Hitoaki ; Oshima, Takeshi ; Takata, Yasushi ; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki
出版情報: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery.  135  pp.1277-1281,  2015-07-02.  Springer Verlag
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/43032
概要: Introduction: A number of studies have examined the risk factors for Osgood–Schlatter disease (OSD). Studies on risk factors have not necessarily accurately demonstrated the risk factors of this disease because they were not prospective cohort studies or the populations in the studies were not categorized by the skeletal maturation of the tibial tuberosity. We can identify the precise risk factors for OSD by performing a prospective cohort study of a group of asymptomatic patients in particular times of adolescent using ultrasonography. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the precise risk factors for OSD. Methods: For all examinations, we used a 3-stage classification for tibial tuberosity development observed on ultrasonography: sonolucent (stage S), individual (stage I), and connective stages (stage C). Among 150 players with 300 knees, we included 37 male players with 70 knees at asymptomatic stage I on the first examination. We re-examined the included knees 1 year after the first examination and compared 10 knees with OSD (OSD group) and 60 knees without OSD (control group). Height, body weight, body mass index, tightness of the quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscles, muscle strength during knee extension, and flexion were assessed during the first medical examination. Results: The incidence of OSD was 14.3 % in this 1-year cohort study. A significant difference was found in body weight, quadriceps muscle tightness, and muscle tightness and strength during knee extension between the 2 groups. The precise risk factors for OSD were increased, namely the quadriceps femoris muscle tightness and strength during knee extension and flexibility of the hamstring muscles, using logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: This information may be useful for teaching quadriceps stretching in preadolescent male football players with stage I. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Nishi, Taiki ; Maeda, Tetsuo ; Takase, Keiko ; Kamikura, Takahiro ; Tanaka, Yoshio ; Inaba, Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  84  pp.154-161,  2013-02-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/31993
概要: Review: An increased number of rescuers may improve the survival rate from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). The majority of OHCAs occur at home and are handled by family members. Materials and methods: Data from 5078 OHCAs that were witnessed by citizens and unwitnessed by citizens or emergency medical technicians from January 2004 to March 2010 were prospectively collected. The number of rescuers was identified in 4338 OHCAs and was classified into two (single rescuer (N = 2468) and multiple rescuers (N = 1870)) or three (single rescuer, two rescuers (N = 887) and three or more rescuers (N = 983)) groups. The backgrounds, characteristics and outcomes of OHCAs were compared between the two groups and among the three groups. Results: When all OHCAs were collectively analysed, an increased number of rescuers was associated with better outcomes (one-year survival and one-year survival with favourable neurological outcomes were 3.1% and 1.9% for single rescuers, 4.1% and 2.0% for two rescuers, and 6.0% and 4.6% for three or more rescuers, respectively (p = 0.0006 and p < 0.0001)). A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of multiple rescuers is an independent factor that is associated with one-year survival (odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.539 (1.088-2.183)). When only OHCAs that occurred at home were analysed (N = 2902), the OHCAs that were handled by multiple rescuers were associated with higher incidences of bystander CPR but were not associated with better outcomes. Conclusions: In summary, an increased number of rescuers improves the outcomes of OHCAs. However, this beneficial effect is absent in OHCAs that occur at home. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. 続きを見る