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論文

論文
Koriyama, Yoshiki ; Homma, Keiko ; Sugitani, Kayo ; Higuchi, Yoshihiro ; Matsukawa, Toru ; Murayama, Daisuke ; Kato, Satoru
出版情報: Neurochemistry International.  50  pp.749-756,  2007-04-01.  Elsevier BV
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/18637
概要: 金沢大学医薬保健研究域 医学系<br />Goldfish retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) can regrow their axons after optic nerve injury. Howev er, the reason why goldfish RGCs can regenerate after nerve injury is largely unknown at the molecular level. To investigate regenerative properties of goldfish RGCs, we divided the RGC regeneration process into two components: (1) RGC survival, and (2) axonal elongation processes. To characterize the RGC survival signaling pathway after optic nerve injury, we investigated cell survival/death signals such as Bcl-2 family members in the goldfish retina. Amounts of phospho-Akt (p-Akt) and phospho-Bad (p-Bad) in the goldfish retina rapidly increased four- to five-fold at the protein level by 3-5 days after nerve injury. Subsequently, Bcl-2 levels increased 1.7-fold, accompanied by a slight reduction in caspase-3 activity 10-20 days after injury. Furthermore, level of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), which activates the phosphatidyl inositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt system, increased 2-3 days earlier than that of p-Akt in the goldfish retina. The cellular localization of these molecular changes was limited to RGCs. IGF-I treatment significantly induced phosphorylation of Akt, and strikingly induced neurite outgrowth in the goldfish retina in vitro. On the contrary, addition of the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin, and IGF-I antibody inhibited Akt phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in an explant culture. Thus, we demonstrated, for the first time, the signal cascade for early upregulation of IGF-I, leading to RGC survival and axonal regeneration in adult goldfish retinas through PI3K/Akt system after optic nerve injury. The present data strongly indicate that IGF-I is one of the most important molecules for controlling regeneration of RGCs after optic nerve injury. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Takei, Yutaka ; Inaba, Hideo ; Yachida, Takahiro ; Enami, Miki ; Goto, Yoshikazu ; Ohta, Keisuke
出版情報: Resuscitation.  81  pp.1492-1498,  2010-11-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/30223
概要: Review: The interval between collapse and emergency call influences the prognosis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). To reduce the interval, it is essential to identify the causes of delay. Methods: Basal data were collected prospectively by fire departments from 3746 OHCAs witnessed or recognised by citizens and in which resuscitation was attempted by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2008. EMTs identified the reasons for call delay by interview. Results: The delay, defined as an interval exceeding 2 min (median value), was less frequent in the urban region, public places and for witnessed OHCAs. Delay was more frequent in care facilities and for elderly patients and OHCAs with longer response times. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that urban regions, care facilities and arrest witnesses are independent factors associated with delay. The ratio of correctable causes (human factors) was high at care facilities and at home, compared with other places. Calling others was a major reason for delay in all places. Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and other treatments was another major reason at care facilities. Large delay, defined as an interval exceeding 5 min (upper-quartile value), was an independent factor associated with a low 1-year survival rate. Conclusion: The incidence of correctable causes of delay is high in the community. Correction of emergency call manuals in care facilities and public relation efforts to facilitate an early emergency call may be necessary. Basic life support (BLS) education should be modified to minimise delays related to making an emergency call. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Nishi, Taiki ; Kamikura, Takahisa ; Funada, Akira ; Myojo, Yasuhiro ; Ishida, Tetsuya ; Inaba, Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  98  pp.27-34,  2016-01-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/44228
概要: Aim: Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) impacts the rates of bystander CPR (BCPR) and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). This study aimed to elucidate whether regional variations in indexes for BCPR and emergency medical service (EMS) may be associated with OHCA outcomes. Methods: We conducted a population-based observational study involving 157,093 bystander-witnessed, resuscitation-attempted OHCAs without physician involvement between 2007 and 2011. For each index of BCPR and EMS, we classified the 47 prefectures into the following three groups: advanced, intermediate, and developing regions. Nominal logit analysis followed by multivariable logistic regression including OHCA backgrounds was employed to examine the association between neurologically favourable 1-month survival, and regional classifications based on BCPR- and EMS-related indexes. Results: Logit analysis including all regional classifications revealed that the number of BLS training course participants per population or bystander's own performance of BCPR without DA-CPR was not associated with the survival. Multivariable logistic regression including the OHCA backgrounds known to be associated with survival (BCPR provision, arrest aetiology, initial rhythm, patient age, time intervals of witness-to-call and call-to-arrival at patient), the following regional classifications based on DA-CPR but not on EMS were associated with survival: sensitivity of DA-CPR [adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) for advanced region; those for intermediate region, with developing region as reference, 1.277 (1.131-1.441); 1.162 (1.058-1.277)]; the proportion of bystanders to follow DA-CPR [1.749 (1.554-1.967); 1.280 (1.188-1.380)]. Conclusions: Good outcomes of bystander-witnessed OHCAs correlate with regions having higher sensitivity of DA-CPR and larger proportion of bystanders to follow DA-CPR. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.<br />Embargo Period 12 months 続きを見る
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論文
Izumi, Kouji ; Mizokami, Atsushi ; Sugimoto, Kazuhiro ; Narimoto, Kazutaka ; Miyagi, Tohru ; Maeda, Yuji ; Kitagawa, Yasuhide ; Kadono, Yoshifumi ; Konaka, Hiroyuki ; Namiki, Mikio
出版情報: Urologia Internationalis.  84  pp.309-314,  2010-04-01.  Karger / International Continence Society
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/24294
概要: 金沢大学附属病院泌尿器科<br />The effect of chelating ligands on iron (Fe) uptake and growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) w as investigated. The ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) increased 55Fe uptake in roots of radish though its subsequent translocation from roots to shoots and leaves did not increase. About 70%-80% of the total 55Fe was distributed in the roots while about 5%-15% and 11%-17% were in shoots and leaves, respectively. The EDTA increased iron uptake into the roots of radish, but not in the above ground parts of the plant. The growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) decreased drastically in alkaline condition (pH > 9), even though the concentration of iron was sufficient in the growth medium. The growth of radish was enhanced successfully by the addition of hydroxyiminodisuccinic acid (HIDS) and EDTA. This might be because HIDS and EDTA solubilize iron from its precipitation with hydroxides at higher pH, and increase iron bioavailability. The influence of EDTA and HIDS on radish growth was comparable. Increase of radish growth by ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS) and methylglicinediacetic acid (MGDA) was less than those by EDTA and HIDS. Considering the reproducibility of the radish growth (biomass production) at pH 10, HIDS is supposed to be more effective compared to EDTA. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. 続きを見る
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論文
Wakabayashi, Hiroshi ; Taki, Junichi ; Inaki, Anri ; Sumiya, Hisashi ; Zen, Yoh ; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki ; Kinuya, Seigo
出版情報: Clinical Nuclear Medicine.  37  pp.1-8,  2012-01-01.  Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/30311
概要: Purpose: This study was aimed to determine whether Tc-99m-hexakis-2- methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) scintigraphy perfo rmed in the middle of preoperative chemotherapy has a prognostic value in patients with malignant bone and soft tissue tumors (MBST). Materials and Methods: In 90 patients with MBST, Tc-99m-MIBI scintigraphy was performed 15 minutes after tracer injection before the first and after the third chemotherapy cycles. After 5 cycles of chemotherapy and tumor resection, therapeutic effect was assessed by histopathology. The percent reduction of uptake ratio (AUR) was calculated according to the following equation: 100 × ([prechemotherapy UR - post-middle course of chemotherapy UR]/prechemotherapy UR). Results: The average follow-up for the entire population was 52 months. Twenty-one patients had clinically detectable metastases at initial presentation (primary metastasis). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that absence of metastasis was associated with good survival in all patients, in patients with bone tumor, and those with soft tissue tumor (P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001, and P = 0.0003, respectively), and AUR ≥30% was also associated with survival in all patients and patients with bone tumor (P = 0.011 and P = 0.047, respectively), but was marginal in those with soft tissue tumor (P = 0.091). Multivariate analysis showed that primary metastasis was the most powerful independent predictor of a lethal clinical outcome in all patients, in both patients with bone and soft tissue tumors (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.61-9.08, P < 0.0001; HR: 15.1, CI: 4.86-52.7, P < 0.0001; HR: 3.7, CI: 1.45-8.94, P = 0.0069, respectively) and showed that Tc-99m-MIBI scintigraphy had a good independent long-term prognostic value in all patients and patients with bone tumor (HR: 2.2, CI: 1.14-4.43, P = 0.017; HR: 6.0, CI: 2.01-21.6, P = 0.0009, respectively) but not in those with soft tissue tumor (HR: 1.5, CI: 0.61-4.09, P = 0.38). Good disease-free survival was associated with ΔUR §30% in all patients and patients with soft tissue tumor (P = 0.0093 and P = 0.017, respectively) but not in those with bone tumor (P = 0.19). Conclusions: Tc-99m-MIBI scintigraphy at the middle course of preoperative chemotherapy could be used as a prognostic indicator in patients with MBST. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.<br />Thesis of Hiroshi Wakabayashi / 博士学位論文 若林 大志 続きを見る