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論文

論文
西本, 陽一
出版情報: 地學雜誌 = Journal of geography.  113  pp.283-293,  2004-01-01.  東京地学協会
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/35099
概要: The Lahu people, a highland dwelling ethnic minority in mainland Southeast Asia and southwest China, have historically practiced swidden agriculture, and for many generations lived and moved in areas under the pressures of diverse valley dwelling peoples. Their whole population probably exceeds 70, 000, most of whom lived in the remote areas within five modern states : China, Burma, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam. In each of these states governed by lowland peoples, the Lahu are an ethnic minority without a country of their own. However, if we change our viewpoint, the Lahu appear as people with different attributes. While on a political map comprising modern nation-states the Lahu are divided and included in the five sovereign states, whereas on a topographic map, the Lahu settlement area appears as one geographical area and the people live in one environmental niche. Actually, in pre-modern time, natural environments were the primary condition defining the life-ways of peoples, both highlanders and lowlanders. Diverse ethnic peoples in the pre-modern Lahu settlement area interact with each other, which constituted a patterned ethnic constellation. This ethnic relation, however, began to change after Western colonialism introduced modern notions of nation-state, international boundary, and sovereignty. In the modern era, these modern ideologies have become political reality through diverse national policies for nation-building. Now, even in the remote areas where the Lahu people often find themselves, one cannot live without being influenced by a central government. The lives and the world view of the Lahu people have also become more and more conditioned by the modern conceptual framework of nation-state. However, the Lahu of North Thailand still refer to themselves as “mountain people”. This self-identification is based on the binary opposition between “mountain” and “plain” or “town”. The Lahu understand modern concepts mainly from a pre-modern worldview. Modern concepts, for example, “government” is perceived less as an abstract agency rather than as a personalized patron-like ethnic neighbor who both oppresses and supports its people. On the other hand, modern ideas, such as “state” and “development” seem to have gradually enter Lahu concepts. The present Lahu perception is based both on the pre-modern and modern conceptual frameworks, and the power relation between the two frameworks changes depending on conditions. Moreover, another huge process, “globalization”, could in the future modify the basis on which the Lahu view the world surrounding them. Studying the world-views of marginal peoples, including the Lahu, requires multiple perspectives, and should not be limited either to area or national conceptual frameworks. 続きを見る
2.

論文

論文
西本, 陽一 ; 堀江, 未央
出版情報: 平成24(2012)年度科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(C) 研究成果報告書 = [研究成果報告書] 雲南少数民族の生活経験の変化: 解放後中国の社会変化をラフ族住民はどう生きたか.  2009-2012  pp.151p.-,  2013-03-31.  西本 陽一(編) — 金沢大学人間科学系
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/35724
概要: 1949年の中華人民共和国成立以来、中国社会は何度も大きな社会変化を経てきた。本研究は、このような中国の政策・社会変化の中で、中国西南端の雲南省に居住する少数民族ラフ族の住民生活が受けた影響と変化について、民族語(ラフ語)による聞き取りをも とに、人々の生活経験の再構成を試みた。その結果、少数民族住民は国家規模の社会変化を、イデオロギーや政治面よりも、生存の面から見ていることが明らかになった。<br />研究課題/領域番号:21510257, 研究期間(年度):2009–2012 続きを見る
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論文

論文
西本, 陽一 ; Nishimoto, Yoichi
出版情報: 平成28(2016)年度 科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(C) 研究成果報告書.  2013-04-01 - 2017-03-31  pp.4p.-,  2017-05-12.  金沢大学人間社会研究域人間科学系
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/00051799
概要: 本研究は、東南アジア大陸部北部から中国西南地方の山地帯に居住する少数民族ラフ族のキリスト教徒および伝統派集団を対象として、国境を跨いで暮らしている跨境民族の生活と生活経験とが、タイと中国の中央政府による辺境への統治拡大という状況の中で、いか に変化してきたかを、フィールドワークと民族語による聞き取りから明らかにした。同じ名前の民族であっても、その生活変化と生活経験とは、国家(タイ・中国)および宗教(世界宗教・伝統宗教)という関数の違いによって、異なった結果が見られることが明らかになった。<br />研究課題/領域番号:25360008, 研究期間(年度):2013-04-01 - 2017-03-31 続きを見る