1.

論文

論文
Juanjuan, Zhao ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Takuwa, Yoh
出版情報: 金沢大学十全医学会雑誌 = Journal of the Juzen Medical Society.  125  pp.2-13,  2016-03-01.  金沢大学十全医学会 = The Juzen Medical Society Kanazawa University
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/45342
概要: The lysophospholipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts diverse biological activities including the regulation of leukocyte migration and vascular barrier integrity, suggesting that S1P signaling could be involved in inflammatory fibrotic diseases. Pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating disease characterized by fibroblast accumulation and extracellular matrix deposition in lungs, and bleomycin–induced pulmonary fibrosis is the most widely used experimental model. We studied the effects of the S1P–specific receptor S1P2 on the phenotypes of lung fibroblasts isolated from bleomycin- and saline-administered wild-type and S1P2–null (S1pr2-/-) mice. The lung fibroblasts from bleomycin-administered wild-type and S1pr2-/- mice failed to proliferate in the presence of serum, unlike fibroblasts from saline-administered mice. The fibroblasts from bleomycin-administered mice also showed the enlarged and flattened morphology compared with fibroblasts from control mice. Bleomycin administration increased the protein expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p16INK4a in fibroblasts and the number of senescence–associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal)-positive fibroblasts. In S1pr2-/- fibroblasts, bleomycin administration-induced increases in p16INK4a protein expression and SA–β-gal–positive cells were augmented. Furthermore, bleomycin increased mRNA expression of interleukin-6 and matrix metalloproteinases in S1pr2-/- fibroblasts compared with wild-type fibroblasts. In addition, the activation of Akt in response to platelet–derived growth factor and S1P was enhanced in S1pr2-/- fibroblasts compared with wild-type fibroblasts. These results indicate that S1P2 deletion enhances bleomycin administration–induced cellular senescence of lung fibroblasts, which may lead to inhibition of lung fibrosis through the mechanisms involving increased matrix metalloproteinases expression. Thus, S1P2 may be a novel therapeutic target for lung fibrosis. 続きを見る
2.

図書

図書
Takuwa, Yoh ; Sugimoto, Naotoshi ; Takuwa, Noriko ; Igarashi, Yasuyuki
出版情報: Sphingolipid Biology.  2006  pp.415-425,  2006-01-01.  Springer-Verlag
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/39034
概要: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts positive and negative effects on cell migration apparently in a cell-type-dependent manner. Our data suggest that the bimodal actions of S1P on cell migration is due to receptor subtype-specific positive and negative regulation of Rho family GTPase, Rac; S1P1 and S1P3 mediate Rac stimulation and chemotaxis whereas S1P2 mediates Rac inhibition and chemorepulsion. The stimulatory effects of S1P 1 and S1P3 on Rac and, subsequently on migration, are mediated by Gi. The inhibitory effect of SlP2 acts on G12/13 and Rho. S1P exerts inhibitory effects on some tumor cell migration and invasion via S1P2. S1P2 also mediates the inhibition of hematogenous metastasis. In contrast, exogenously expressed S1P1 has the reverse effect, it stimulates invasion and metastasis. S1P also exerts a similar bimodal action on vascular endothelial cells and, thereby, angiogenesis. The examples suggest that control of S1P receptor activity using a receptor subtype-specific agonist and antagonist may have beneficial effects on disorders, including cancer, and vascular diseases. © Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2006. All rights reserved.<br />[Book Chapter] Y. Hirabayashi, Y. Igarashi, A.H. Merrill, Jr. (eds.), Sphingolipid biology, Springer-Verlag, c2006 続きを見る
3.

その他

その他
Takuwa, Yoh ; 多久和 陽
出版情報: 金沢がん生物学国際シンポジウム2004 = International Symposium on Tumor Biology in Kanazawa 2004.  pp.11-12,  2004-02-13.  Cancer Research Institute, Kanazawa University / The Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo / Kanazawa Association of Tumor Biologists
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/34344
概要: [Curriculum Vitae & Summary] International Symposium on Tumor Biology in Kanazawa 2004 / Kanazawa, Japan February 12 and 13, 2004
4.

論文

論文
Takabatake, Masayoshi ; Takuwa, Yoh ; Takuwa, Noriko ; Yasuno, Hironobu ; Matsumoto, Sayaka ; Shibutani, Makoto ; Mitsumori, Kunitoshi
出版情報: The journal of veterinary medical science.  70  pp.483-485,  2008-05-25.  日本獣医学会 = Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/32519
概要: 32週給のS1P2遺伝子ヘテロ欠損雌性マウスに発生した腎複合上皮間質腫瘍(MESTK)について報告する.本病変は,尿細管様の管腔を形成する上皮成分およびそれらを取り囲む間質成分から成る二相性腫瘍であり,免疫染色において上皮成分はサイトケラチ ンに,間質成分はビメンチンおよび平滑筋マーカーにそれぞれ陽性であった.これらの結果から,ヒトWHO分類の診断基準に基づいて本症例はMESTKであると診断した. We report a case of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney (MESTK) in a 32-week-old heterozygous sphingosine l-phosphate-2 (S1P2) receptor deficient female mouse. A white solid mass replacing the left kidney was observed at the left retroperitoneal wall. Histologically, the tumor mass consisted of dimorphic cellular components of epithelial and stromal cells. Epithelial cells formed various sized irregular-shaped tubular structures resembling renal tubules surrounded by stromal cells. Immunohistochemically, epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin, while stromal cells showed positive immunoreactivity with a-smooth muscle actin as well as vimentin. Based on the morphological and immunohistochemical findings, this tumor was diagnosed as a MESTK. 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
Takuwa, Yoh ; Ikeda, Hitoshi ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Takuwa, Noriko ; Yoshioka, Kazuaki
出版情報: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids.  1831  pp.185-192,  2013-01-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/32827
概要: Fibrosis is a pathological process characterized by massive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) such as type I/III collagens and fibronectin that are secreted by an expanded pool of myofibroblasts, which are phenotypically altered fibroblasts with more contractile, proliferative, migratory and secretory activities. Fibrosis occurs in various organs including the lung, heart, liver and kidney, resulting in loss of normal tissue architecture and functions. Myofibroblasts could originate from multiple sources including tissue-resident fibroblasts, epithelial and endothelial cells through mechanisms of epithelial/endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT/EndMT), and bone marrow-derived circulating progenitors called fibrocytes. Emerging evidence in recent years shows that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) acts on several types of target cells and is engaged in pro-fibrotic inflammatory process and fibrogenic process through multiple mechanisms, which include vascular permeability change, leukocyte infiltration, and migration, proliferation and myofibroblast differentiation of fibroblasts. Many of these S1P actions are receptor subtype-specific. In these actions, S1P has multiple cross-talks with other cytokines, particularly transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ), which plays a major role in fibrosis. The cross-talks include the regulation of S1P production through altered expression and activity of sphingosine kinases in fibrotic lesions, altered expression of S1P receptors, and S1P receptor-mediated transactivation of TGFβ signaling pathway. These cross-talks may give rise to a feed-forward, amplifying loop between S1P and TGFβ, and possibly with other cytokines in stimulating fibrogenesis. Another lysophospholipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid has also been recently implicated in fibrosis. The lysophospholipid signaling pathways represent novel, promising therapeutic targets for treating refractory fibrotic diseases. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Advances in Lysophospholipid Research. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. 続きを見る
6.

論文

論文
Yoshioka, Kazuaki ; Yoshida, Kotaro ; Cui, Hong ; Wakayama, Tomohiko ; Takuwa, Noriko ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Du, Wa ; Qi, Xun ; Asanuma, Ken ; Sugihara, Kazushi ; Aki, Sho ; Miyazawa, Hidekazu ; Biswas, Kuntal ; Nagakura, Chisa ; Ueno, Masaya ; Iseki, Shoichi ; Schwartz, Robert J. ; Okamoto, Hiroshi ; Sasaki, Takehiko ; Matsui, Osamu ; Asano, Masahide ; Adams, Ralf H. ; Takakura, Nobuyuki ; Takuwa, Yoh
出版情報: Nature Medicine.  18  pp.1560-1569,  2012-10-01.  Nature Publishing Group
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/32825
概要: The class II α-isoform of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K-C2α) is localized in endosomes, the trans-Golg i network and clathrin-coated vesicles; however, its functional role is not well understood. Global or endothelial-cell-specific deficiency of PI3K-C2α resulted in embryonic lethality caused by defects in sprouting angiogenesis and vascular maturation. PI3K-C2α knockdown in endothelial cells resulted in a decrease in the number of PI3-phosphate-enriched endosomes, impaired endosomal trafficking, defective delivery of VE-cadherin to endothelial cell junctions and defective junction assembly. PI3K-C2α knockdown also impaired endothelial cell signaling, including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor internalization and endosomal RhoA activation. Together, the effects of PI3K-C2α knockdown led to defective endothelial cell migration, proliferation, tube formation and barrier integrity. Endothelial PI3K-C2α deficiency in vivo suppressed postischemic and tumor angiogenesis and diminished vascular barrier function with a greatly augmented susceptibility to anaphylaxis and a higher incidence of dissecting aortic aneurysm formation in response to angiotensin II infusion. Thus, PI3K-C2α has a crucial role in vascular formation and barrier integrity and represents a new therapeutic target for vascular disease.<br />In Press / 2013-03-18公開予定. 続きを見る
7.

論文

論文
Takuwa, Yoh ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Yoshioka, Kazuaki ; Takuwa, Noriko
出版情報: BioFactors.  38  pp.329-337,  2012-09-01.  International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc / Wiley-Blackwell
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/32828
概要: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), which acts as both the extracellular and intracellular messenger, exerts pleiotropic biological activities including regulation of formation of the vasculature, vascular barrier integrity, and lymphocyte trafficking. Many of these S1P actions are mediated by five members of the G protein-coupled S1P receptors (S1P 1-S1P 5) with overlapping but distinct coupling to heterotrimeric G proteins. The biological activities of S1P are based largely on the cellular actions of S1P on migration, adhesion, and proliferation. Notably, S1P often exhibits receptor subtype-specific, bimodal effects in these cellular actions. For example, S1P 1 mediates cell migration toward S1P, that is, chemotaxis, via G i/Rac pathway whereas S1P 2 mediates inhibition of migration toward a chemoattractant, that is, chemorepulsion, via G 12/13/Rho pathway, which induces Rac inhibition. In addition, S1P 1 mediates stimulation of cell proliferation through the G i-mediated signaling pathways including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and ERK whereas S1P 2 mediates inhibition of cell proliferation through mechanisms involving G 12/13/Rho/Rho kinase/PTEN-dependent Akt inhibition. These differential effects of S1P receptor subtypes on migration and proliferation lead to bimodal regulation of various biological responses. An observed biological response is likely determined by an integrated outcome of the counteracting signals input by S1P receptor subtypes. More recent studies identified the new intracellular targets of S1P including the inflammatory signaling molecule TRAF2 and histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2. These interactions of S1P regulate NF-κB activity and gene expression, respectively. Development of S1P receptor agonists and antagonists with improved receptor subtype-selectivity, inhibitors, or modulators of sphingolipid-metabolizing enzymes, and their optimal drug delivery system provide novel therapeutic tactics. © 2012 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. 続きを見る
8.

論文

論文
Cui, Hong ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Yoshioka, Kazuaki ; Du, Wa ; Takuwa, Noriko ; Zhang, Wei ; Asano, Masahide ; Shibamoto, Toshishige ; Takuwa, Yoh
出版情報: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.  132  pp.1205-1214,  2013-11-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/35640
概要: Background: Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1P2) is expressed in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). However, the role of S1P2 in vascular barrier integrity and anaphylaxis is not well understood. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) generates nitric oxide to mediate vascular leakage, compromising survival in patients with anaphylaxis. We recently observed that endothelial S1P2 inhibits Akt, an activating kinase of eNOS. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that endothelial S1P2 might suppress eNOS, exerting a protective effect against endothelial barrier disruption and anaphylaxis. Methods: Mice deficient in S1P2 and eNOS underwent antigen challenge or platelet-activating factor (PAF) injection. Analyses were performed to examine vascular permeability and the underlying mechanisms. Results: S1pr2 deletion augmented vascular leakage and lethality after either antigen challenge or PAF injection. PAF injection induced activation of Akt and eNOS in the aortas and lungs of S1pr2-null mice, which were augmented compared with values seen in wild-type mice. Consistently, PAF-induced increase in cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels in the aorta was enhanced in S1pr-null mice. Genetic Nos3 deletion or pharmacologic eNOS blockade protected S1pr2-null mice from aggravation of barrier disruption after antigen challenge and PAF injection. ECs isolated from S1pr2-null mice exhibited greater stimulation of Akt and eNOS, with enhanced nitric oxide production in response to sphingosine-1-phosphate or PAF, compared with that seen in wild-type ECs. Moreover, S1pr2-deficient ECs showed more severe disassembly of adherens junctions with augmented S-nitrosylation of β-catenin in response to PAF, which was restored by pharmacologic eNOS blockade. Conclusion: S1P2 diminishes harmful robust eNOS stimulation and thereby attenuates vascular barrier disruption, suggesting potential usefulness of S1P2 agonists as novel therapeutic agents for anaphylaxis. © 2013 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 続きを見る
9.

論文

論文
Ishikura, Kazuhide ; Misu, Hirofumi ; Kumazaki, Masafumi ; Takayama, Hiroaki ; Matsuzawa-Nagata, Naoto ; Tajima, Natsumi ; Chikamoto, Keita ; Lan, Fei ; Ando, Hitoshi ; Ota, Tsuguhito ; Sakurai, Masaru ; Takeshita, Yumie ; Kato, Kenichiro ; Fujimura, Akio ; Miyamoto, Ken-ichi ; Saito, Yoshiro ; Kameo, Satomi ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Takuwa, Yoh ; Takahashi, Kazuhiko ; Kidoya, Hiroyasu ; Takakura, Nobuyuki ; Kaneko, Shuichi ; Takamaura, Toshinari
出版情報: Diabetologia.  57  pp.1968-1976,  2014-09-01.  Springer Verlag
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/39052
概要: Aims/hypothesis Impaired angiogenesis induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) resistance is a hallmark of vascular complications in type 2 diabetes; however, its molecular mechanism is not fully understood. We have previously identified selenoprotein P (SeP, encoded by the SEPP1 gene in humans) as a liver-derived secretory protein that induces insulin resistance. Levels of serum SeP and hepatic expression of SEPP1 are elevated in type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated the effects of SeP on VEGF signalling and angiogenesis. Methods We assessed the action of glucose on Sepp1 expression in cultured hepatocytes. We examined the actions of SeP on VEGF signalling and VEGF-induced angiogenesis in HUVECs. We assessed wound healing in mice with hepatic SeP overexpression or SeP deletion. The blood flow recovery after ischaemia was also examined by using hindlimb ischaemia model with Sepp1-heterozygous-knockout mice. Results Treatment with glucose increased gene expression and transcriptional activity for Sepp1 in H4IIEC hepatocytes. Physiological concentrations of SeP inhibited VEGF-stimulated cell proliferation, tubule formation and migration in HUVECs. SeP suppressed VEGF-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and phosphorylation of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) in HUVECs. Wound closure was impaired in the mice overexpressing Sepp1, whereas it was improved in SeP-/-mice. SeP+/-mice showed an increase in blood flow recovery and vascular endothelial cells after hindlimb ischaemia. Conclusions/interpretation The hepatokine SeP may be a novel therapeutic target for impaired angiogenesis in type 2 diabetes. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 続きを見る
10.

論文

論文
Aki, Sho ; Yoshioka, Kazuaki ; Okamoto, Yasuo ; Takuwa, Noriko ; Takuwa, Yoh
出版情報: Journal of Biological Chemistry.  290  pp.6086-6105,  2015-03-06.  American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/41360
概要: We have recently demonstrated that the PI3K class II-α isoform (PI3K-C2α), which generates phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphates, plays crucial roles in angiogenesis, by analyzing PI3K-C2α knock-out mice. The PI3K-C2α actions are mediated at least in part through its participation in the internalization of VEGF receptor-2 and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor S1P1 and thereby their signaling on endosomes. TGFβ, which is also an essential angiogenic factor, signals via the serine/threonine kinase receptor complex to induce phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 (Smad2/3). SARA (Smad anchor for receptor activation) protein, which is localized in early endosomes through its FYVE domain, is required for Smad2/3 signaling. In the present study, we showed that PI3K-C2α knockdown nearly completely abolished TGFβ1-induced phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). PI3K-C2α was necessary for TGFβ-induced increase in phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphates in the plasma membrane and TGFβ receptor internalization into the SARA-containing early endosomes, but not for phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate enrichment or localization of SARA in the early endosomes. PI3K-C2α was also required for TGFβ receptor-mediated formation of SARA-Smad2/3 complex. Inhibition of dynamin, which is required for the clathrin-dependent receptor endocytosis, suppressed both TGFβ receptor internalization and Smad2/3 phosphorylation. TGFβ1 stimulated Smad-dependent VEGF-A expression, VEGF receptor-mediated EC migration, and capillary-like tube formation, which were all abolished by either PI3K-C2α knockdown or a dynamin inhibitor. Finally, TGFβ1-induced microvessel formation in Matrigel plugs was greatly attenuated in EC-specific PI3K-C2α-deleted mice. These observations indicate that PI3K-C2α plays the pivotal role in TGFβ receptor endocytosis and thereby Smad2/3 signaling, participating in angiogenic actions of TGFβ. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. 続きを見る