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論文

論文
Enami, Miki ; Takei, Yutaka ; Inaba, Hideo ; Yachida, Takahiro ; Ohta, Keisuke ; Maeda, Testuo ; Goto, Yoshikazu
出版情報: Resuscitation.  82  pp.577-583,  2011-05-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/30222
概要: Purpose of study: To determine the effects of ageing and training experience on attitude towards performing basic life support (BLS). Methods: We gave a questionnaire to attendants of the courses for BLS or safe driving in authorised driving schools. The questionnaire included questions about participants' backgrounds. The questionnaire explored the participant's willingness to perform BLS in four hypothetical scenarios related to early emergency call, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) under their own initiative, telephone-assisted compression-only CPR and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED), respectively. Results: There were significant differences in gender, occupation, residential area, experience of BLS training, and knowledge of AED use among the young (17-29. y, N=6122), middle-aged (30-59. y, N=827) and elderly (>59. y, N=15,743) groups. In all four scenarios, the proportion of respondents willing to perform BLS was lowest in the elderly group. More respondents in the elderly group were willing to follow the telephone-assisted instruction rather than performing CPR under their own initiative. Multiple logistic regression analysis confirmed ageing as an independent factor related to negative attitude in all scenarios. Gender, occupation, resident area, experience with BLS training and knowledge about AED use were other independent factors. Prior BLS training did not increase willingness to make an emergency call. Conclusion: The aged population has a more negative attitude towards performing BLS. BLS training should be modified to help the elderly gain confidence with the essential elements of BLS, including making early emergency calls. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Enami, Miki ; Takei, Yutaka ; Goto, Yoshikazu ; Ohta, Keisuke ; Inaba, Hideo
出版情報: Resuscitation.  81  pp.562-567,  2010-05-01.  Elsevier
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/30225
概要: Background: There is no study regarding the influence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guideline renewal on citizen's attitude towards all basic life support (BLS) actions. Methods and results: We conducted a questionnaire survey to new driver licence applicants who participated in the BLS course at driving schools either before (January 2007 to April 2007) or after (October 2007 to April 2008) the revision of the textbook. Upon completion of the course, participants were given a questionnaire concerning willingness to participate in CPR, early emergency call, telephone-assisted chest compression and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). After the revision, the proportions of positive respondents to use of AED as well as to all the four scenarios significantly increased from 2331/3564 to 3693/5156 (odds ratio (OR)=1.34) and from 1889/3443 to 3028/5126 (OR=1.18), respectively. However, the new guideline slightly but significantly augmented the unwillingness to make an early call (236/3568 vs. 416/5283, OR = 0.83). Approximately 95% of respondents were willing to follow the telephone-assisted instruction of chest compression, while approximately 85% were eager to perform CPR on their own initiative. Multiple logistic regression analysis confirmed the results of mono-variate analysis, and identified previous CPR training, sex, rural area and student as other significant factors relating to attitude. Conclusions: Future guidelines should emphasise the significance and benefit of early call in relation to telephone-assisted instruction of CPR or chest compression. The course instructors should be aware of the backgrounds of participants as to how this may relate to their willingness to participate. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. 続きを見る
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論文

論文
Ogiwara, Shimpachiro ; Matsubara, Hideo
出版情報: Journal of Physical Therapy Science.  19  pp.227-234,  2007-12-01.  理学療法科学会 : Society of Physical Therapy Science
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/11546
概要: 金沢大学大学院医学系研究科<br />A preliminary study was carried out by means of a three-part questionnaire to determine attitud es of 146 physiotherapy clinicians in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, towards death and terminal illness. This self-administered postal survey was cross-sectional. Results indicated that there was little discernible difference in the response to the questions among the subgroups vis-á-vis gender and years of professional practice. Topics of death and terminal illness were found to have been subjects that were relatively openly discussed in the respondents' families. The majority of the respondents desired "dignified death" for themselves and to be informed of their condition if they became terminally ill. Although they were willing to treat persons with terminal illness, the respondents were psychologically uncomfortable in the situation, and the majority of them seemed to lack sufficient knowledge and, therefore, necessary execution skills to provide the necessary psychological support when subjected to such a situation. Therefore, education and training of physiotherapists enabling them to professionally confront persons with terminal illness would be of significant value if introduced into the physiotherapy curricula. 続きを見る